Chapter of Tayammum (Dry Ablution)

The meaning of Tayammum in Sharia: Is to wipe the face and the hands with clean earth as a substitute for making wudu or ghusl with water when it is not possible to use it. It is from those things particular to this nation only. Tayammum is a mercy for the nation of the Messenger of Allah Mohammed (May peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), and a favour for us.

وَإِنْ كُنْتُمْ مَرْضَىٰ أَوْ عَلَىٰ سَفَرٍ أَوْ جَاءَ أَحَدٌ مِنْكُمْ مِنَ الْغَائِطِ أَوْ لَامَسْتُمُ النِّسَاءَ فَلَمْ تَجِدُوا مَاءً فَتَيَمَّمُوا صَعِيدًا طَيِّبًا فَامْسَحُوا بِوُجُوهِكُمْ وَأَيْدِيكُمْ مِنْهُ

Allah says: “But if you are ill or on a journey or any of you comes after answering the call of nature, or you have been in contact with women (i.e. sexual intercourse) and you find no water, then perform Tayammum with clean earth and rub therewith your faces and hands.”

Surah Maa’idah: 6

 

The Causes That Make Tayammum Allowed

1) If Water Is Not Available:

Allah says: “…And you find no water, then perform Tayammum with clean earth and rub therewith your faces and hands…”

 Surah Maa’idah: 6

‘Imran bin Husain said, “Once we were travelling with the Prophet (May peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) …….. so, he performed the ablution and the call for the Salat was pronounced and he led the people in Salat. After he finished from the Salat, he saw a man sitting aloof who had not offered Salat with the people. He asked, “O so-and-so! What has prevented you from offering Salat with us?” He replied, “I am junub and there is no water.” The Prophet said, “Perform Tayammum with (clean) earth and that is sufficient for you…..

 Recorded by Bukhari, Vol. 1, Hadith-344, Page 230-231

 2) When In The State Of Junub (Major Impurity) And Water Is Not Available:

Narrated by Abdur Rahman bin Abza: A man came to ‘Umar bin Al-Khattab and said, “I became Junub (a state of major impurity) but no water was available.” ‘Ammar bin Yaasir said to ‘Umar, “Do you remember that you and I (became Junub while both of us) were together on a journey and you didn’t offer Salat but I rolled myself on the ground and offered Salat? I informed the Prophet (May peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) about it and he said, ‘It would have been sufficient for you to do like this.’ The Prophet (May peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) then stroked lightly the earth with his hands and then blew off the dust and passed his hands over his face and hands.”

Recorded by Bukhari, Vol. 1, Hadith-338, Page 228

3) When Water Is Very Cold And It May Cause Harm For The Body:

It was reported from Abdur Rahman bin Jubair, from Amr bin Al-As, who said: “I had a wet-dream on a cold night in the battle of Dhat as-Salasil. I felt that if I performed Ghusl I might kill (myself), so I performed Tayammum, and led my companions in Subh (fajr prayer). They mentioned this to the Messenger of Allah (May peace and blessings of Allah be upon him). So he said: “O Amr! You led your companions in prayer while you were sexually defiled? I informed him of the reason that I did not perform Ghusl, and said: ‘I heard Allah say (in the Qur’an): “And do not kill yourselves, verily Allah is Ever-Merciful to you.” (Surah Nisa: 29) So the Messenger of Allah (May peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) laughed and did not say anything.

Recorded by Abu Dawood, Vol. 1, Hadith-334, Page 214-215. Graded as Sahih by Sheikh Albani in Sahih Sunan Abi Dawud no. 323

4) When One Is Injured Or Ill

 

What Can Be Used For Tayammum

Allah says,

مَاءً فَتَيَمَّمُوا صَعِيدًا طَيِّبًا

“…perform Tayammum with clean earth…”

Surah Maa’idah: 6

‘As-Sa’eed’ is the clean earth. One can use clean earth/soil, sand, rocks, pebbles and dust which is found on any surface.

 

The Description of Tayammum

Narrated by Abdur Rahman bin Abza: A man came to ‘Umar bin Al-Khattab and said, “I became Junub (a state of major impurity) but no water was available.” ‘Ammar bin Yaasir said to ‘Umar, “Do you remember that you and I (became Junub while both of us) were together on a journey and you didn’t offer Salat but I rolled myself on the ground and offered Salat? I informed the Prophet (May peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) about it and he said, ‘It would have been sufficient for you to do like this.’ The Prophet (May peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) then stroked lightly the earth with his hands and then blew off the dust and passed his hands over his face and hands.”

Recorded by Bukhari, Vol. 1, Hadith-338, Page 228

Description of Tayammum:

1)      Intention

2)      Strike the Earth once with the palms and brush/blow off any big chunks

3)      Wipe face and both hands up to the wrists (other scholars have mentioned wipe up to elbows; both views are allowed)

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s