Authentic Narrations On The Description of Wudu

1)      An-Niyyah (Intention):

Narrated Umar ibn Khattab (May Allah be pleased with him): I heard Allah’s Messenger (May peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) saying, “The reward of deeds depends upon the intentions and every person will get the reward according to what he has intended. So whoever emigrates for worldly benefits or for a woman to marry, his emigration will be for what he emigrated for.”

Recorded by Bukhari, Vol. 1, Hadith-1, Page 45

2)      Using Siwaak (Tooth stick):

Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (May peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said, “If I did not fear to cause hardship to my Ummah I would have ordered them to use the Siwaak with every Wudu.”

Recorded by Ahmad in his Musnad, graded Sahih by sheikh albani in Sahih al-Jami, no. 5416

3)      Saying Bismillah:

It was narrated that Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) said: “Some of the Companions of the Prophet (May peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) were looking for (water for) wudu. The Messenger of Allah said ‘Do any of you have water?’ He put his hand in the water and said: ‘Perform Wudu in the Name of Allah.’ I saw the water coming out from between his fingers until they had all performed Wudu. Thaabit said: “I said to Anas: ‘How many did you see?’ He said: ‘About seventy.’”

Recorded by Nasa’i, Vol. 1, Hadith-78, Page 67. Graded Sahih by Imam ibn Khuzaymah Hadith 144

4)      Starting With The Right Before The Left Side:

Narrated ‘Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her): The Messenger of Allah (May peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) used to like to start from the right side on wearing shoes, combing his hair and cleaning or washing himself and on doing anything else.

Recorded by Bukhari, Vol. 1, Hadith-168, Page 150

5)      Washing The Hands Three Times At The Beginning Of The Wudu:

Narrated by Humran, the slave of `Uthman: I saw `Uthman bin `Affan asking for a tumbler of water (and when it was brought), he poured water over his hands and washed them thrice….. 

Recorded by Bukhari, Vol. 1, Hadith-159, Page 146

6)      Combining Together The Rinsing Of The Mouth And The Nose Thrice, Each Time With One Handful Of Water:

Narrated ‘Amr bin Yahya on the authority of his father: ‘Abdullah bin Zaid poured water on his hands from a utensil containing water and washed them and, then, with one handful of water he rinsed his mouth and cleaned his nose by putting water in it and then blowing it out. He repeated it thrice….”

Recorded by Bukhari, Vol. 1, Hadith-191, Page 162

Note: It is also allowed to rinse the mouth and nose separately, washing each one thrice.

7)      Washing The Face Thrice:

Narrated by Humran, the slave of `Uthman: I saw `Uthman bin `Affan asking for a tumbler of water (and when it was brought), he poured water over his hands and washed them thrice and then put his right hand in the water container and rinsed his mouth, washed his nose by putting water in it and then blowing it out. Then he washed his face and forearms up to the elbows thrice…..”

Recorded by Bukhari, Vol. 1, Hadith-159, Page 146

8)      Washing The Arms Until Over The Elbows Thrice:

Narrated by Humran, the slave of `Uthman: I saw `Uthman bin `Affan asking for a tumbler of water (and when it was brought), he poured water over his hands and washed them thrice and then put his right hand in the water container and rinsed his mouth, washed his nose by putting water in it and then blowing it out. Then he washed his face and forearms up to the elbows thrice….”

Recorded by Bukhari, Vol. 1, Hadith-159, Page 146

9)      Wiping The Whole Head:

Wiping over all of the head as Allaah ta’ala says: “…rub (by passing wet hands over) your heads.”

Surah al-Maa’idah :6

10)   Wiping the Ears:

Amr bin Shu’aib narrated, from his father, from his grandfather, that a man came to the Prophet of Allah (May peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) and asked: “O Messenger of Allah (May peace and blessings of Allah be upon him)! How is purification (performed)?” So he (May peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) called for a container of water and washed his hands thrice. Then he washed his face thrice and his forearms thrice. Then he wiped his head, and inserted his index fingers into his ears, while wiping the outside of his ears with his thumbs, and the inside with the index fingers…..”

Recorded by Abu Dawud, Vol. 1, Hadith-135, Page 95. Graded Sahih by sheikh al-Albani in Sahih Abu Dawud (1/28)

11)   Washing Both Feet Until The Ankles:

Allaah ta’ala says: “….and (wash) your feet up to (the) ankles.”

Thus ordering the washing of the feet and ankles.

Surah al-Maa’idah 5:6

12)   Supplications After Performing Wudu:

أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لَا إِلَهَ إلَّا اللهُ وَأَنَّ مُحَمَّداً عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ

“Ash-hadu anlaa ilaaha illallaahu wa-anna Muhammadan ‘abduhu wa rasooluhu”

(I bear witness that none has the right to be worshipped but Allaah, and that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger).”

Recorded by Muslim, Vol. 1, Hadith-553, Page 364-365

13)   Economizing In The Use Of Water And Not Being Wasteful:

Narrated Anas (May Allah be pleased with him): The Prophet (May peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) used to take a bath with one Sa` or up to five Mudd of water and used to perform Wudu with one Mudd of water.

–          A Saa’ is equal to four mudds.

–          A Mudd is that amount of water which is held by the two hands cupped together.

Recorded by Bukhari, Vol. 1, Hadith-201, Page 167

14)   Performing Two Rak’ahs After Completing Wudu:

Narrated Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him): At the time of the Fajr prayer the Prophet (May peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) asked Bilal, “Tell me of the best deed you did after embracing Islam, for I heard your footsteps in front of me in Paradise.” Bilal replied, “I did not do anything worth mentioning except that whenever I performed Wudu during the day or night, I offered Prayer after that Wudu as much as was written for me.”

Recorded by Bukhari, Vol. 2, Hadith-1149, Page 151

 

 

 

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