Fasting While Travelling

You can Fast while travelling if you wish (especially if there is no hardship involved):

Narrated by `A’ishah (the wife of the Prophet peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him): Hamzah bin `Amr al-Aslami asked the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), “Should I fast while travelling?” The Prophet replied, “You may fast if you wish, and you may not fast if you wish.”[1]

Narrated by Anas bin Malik: We used to travel with the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and neither did the fasting persons criticize those who were not fasting, nor did those who were not fasting criticize the fasting ones.[2]

Narrated by Abu ad-Darda’: We set out with Allah’s Apostle (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) on one of his journeys on a very hot day, and it was so hot that one had to put his hand over his head because of the severity of heat. None of us was fasting except the Prophet and Ibn Rawahah.[3]

Narrated by Jabir bin `Abdullah: Allah’s Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)  was on a journey and saw a crowd of people, and a man was being shaded (by them). He asked, “What is the matter?” They said, “He (the man) is fasting.” The Prophet said, “It is not righteousness that you fast on a journey.

Addition in Sahih Muslim:  “upon you is to take the concessions Allaah has given you.”[4]

Anas reported: We were with the Apostle of Allah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) on a journey. Some of us had been observing the fast and some of us had not been fasting. We got down at a place on a hot day. Most of us had the cloth for shelter. There were also those amongst us who sheltered (themselves against the rays of the) sun with the help of their hands. The observers of the fast fell down (on account of weakness). Those who had not observed it got up and pitched tents and watered the mounts. Thereupon the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)  said: “The breakers of the fast have taken away the reward today.”[5]

 

References: 

[1] Recorded by Bukhari and Muslim

[2] Recorded by Bukhari and Muslim

[3] Recorded by Bukhari and Muslim

[4] Recorded by Bukhari and Muslim

[5] Recorded in Muslim

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