Recommended Acts For The Fasting Person

1) Suhoor (Pre-dawn meal):

Anas narrated that the Messenger of Allah said, “Have a pre-dawn meal for there is blessing in the pre-dawn meal.”[1]

Abdullah ibn ‘Amr narrated that the Messenger of Allah said, “Have a pre-dawn meal even if it just be a sip of water.”[2]

Anas narrated from Zayd ibn Thabit who said, “The Prophet had a pre-dawn meal and then he went to the prayer. I (Anas) asked him, ‘What was the time between the call to prayer and the pre-dawn meal?’ he replied, ‘About the time it takes to read fifty verses.’”[3]

Abu Hurairah narrated that the Messenger of Allah said, “If one of you hears the call to prayer while his cup is in his hand, he should not put it down until he satisfied his need from it.”[4]

Abu Sa’eed al-Khudri said that the Messenger said: “Eating the Sahoor is blessed. Do not neglect it even if you take a gulp of water, because Allah and His angels invoke blessings upon those who partake in the pre-dawn meal.”[5]

2) Refraining from vain speech, fouls language and other acts that do not befit the fast:

Abu Hurairah narrated that the Prophet said, “If it is a day in which one of you is fasting, he should avoid sexual relations and quarrelling. I any one wants to pick a fight with him, he should say, ‘I am fasting’.”[6]

Abu Hurairah narrated that the Messenger of Allah said, “For whoever does not give up false speech and acting by it, Allah has no need for him to leave his food and drink.”[7]

3) Generosity and studying the Qur’an:

Ibn ‘Abbas narrates, saying, “The Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وسلم) was the most generous person, and he would be at his most generous in Ramadan because Jibril would come to him every night and he would study the Qur’an with him. Truly, when Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) would meet Gabriel, he would be more generous than a fleeting wind.”[8]

Additionally, Bukhari reports from Fatima that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) told her in the last year of his life, “Jibril used to revise the Qur’an with me once every year, but this year he has revised it with me twice. I do not suspect but that my time has come. And you shall be the first of my household to join me.”[9]

4) Hastening to break the fast:

Sahl ibn S’ad narrated that the Messenger of Allah said, “The People will continue to be in a state of goodness as long as they hasten in breaking their fast.”[10]

Narrated by `Umar bin al-Khattab: Allah’s Apostle صلى الله عليه و سلم said, “When night falls from this side and the day vanishes from this side and the sun sets, then the fasting person should break his fast.”[11]

5) Breaking the fast with ripe dates if found:

Anas said, “The Prophet would break his fast with ripe dates before praying. If not ripe dates, he would break his fast with dried dates. If that were not available, he would drink some water.”[12]

6) Making the supplication upon breaking one’s fast:

Abdullah ibn Umar reported from the Prophet (SallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) that he used to say when breaking his fast:

ذَهَـبَ الظَّمَـأُ، وَابْتَلَّـتِ العُـروق، وَثَبَـتَ الأجْـرُ إِنْ شـاءَ الله

“The thirst has gone and the veins are quenched, and reward is confirmed, if Allah wills.”[13]

References:

[1] Recorded by Bukhari, Muslim, Tirmizi, Nasa’i and Ibn Majah.

[2] Recorded by Ibn Hibban

[3] Recorded by Bukhari, Muslim, Tirmizi, Nasa’i and Ibn Majah

[4] Recorded in Abu Dawood and al-Hakim.

[5] Recorded in Musnad Ahmad.

[6] Recorded by Bukhari, Muslim and Nasa’i.

[7] Recorded by Bukhari, Abu Dawood and Tirmizi.

[8] Recorded by Bukhari and Muslim

[9] Recorded in Bukhari

[10] Recorded in Bukhari

[11] Recorded in Bukhari

[12] Recorded by Abu Dawood and Tirmizi. Graded Hasan Sahih by sheikh albani.

[13] Recorded by Abu Dawud, sheikh albani graded it Hasan.

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