Chapter of Jumu’ah Salah (Friday Prayer) From the book ‘Ad-Durar Al-Bahiyah Fi Masaa’il Al-Fiqhiyyah’ of Imam Shawkani

Friday Prayer

This prayer is obligatory upon everyone who has become liable to the obligations of Islam except:

– Women

– Slaves

– Travellers

– Those who are ill (or unable)[1]

Friday prayer is like the rest of other prayers and differs only in the legitimacy of the two speeches (sermons) delivered before it. Its time is that of Dhuhr prayer.

 

Whoever attends Friday prayer should:

– Not step on or annoy the people[2]

– Listen attentively during the delivery of both speeches (the two khutbahs)[3]

It is recommended for Friday prayer to:

1 – Arrive early to the Masjid[4]

2 – Perfume one’s self[5]

3 – Adorn one’s self and be well dressed[6]

4 – Sit near the Imam[7]

5 – One who was able to catch one Rak’ah is considered to have observed Friday prayer.[8]

Friday prayer become permissible (i.e. not obligatory) when it happens that it corresponds to the Day of Eid.[9]

 

References:

[1] Sahih: Narrated Tariq ibn Shihab: The Prophet (SallAllaahu alayhi was sallam) said: The Friday prayer in congregation is a necessary duty for every Muslim, with four exceptions; a slave, a woman, a child, and a sick person. Abu Dawud said: Tariq b. Shihab had seen the Prophet (SallAllaahu alayhi was sallam) but not heard anything from him. Recorded in Sunan Abu Dawydd, Ad-Daraqutni, al-Bayhaqi and al-Hakim. Graded Sahih by sheikh albani in Sahih Sunan Abi Dawud no.942

[2] Sahih: Abu Sa’eed reported the Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi was sallam) as saying: “For whoever makes ghusl on Friday, wears the best of his clothing, applies some perfume if he has it, then comes to the Friday Prayer, without stepping over the necks of the people, then prays whatever Allah has recorded for him to pray, then remains silent when the Imam comes out until he is finished with his prayer, then it will be an expiation for whatever occurred between it and the previous Friday.”. Recorded in Sunan Abu Dawud. Graded Sahih by sheikh albani in Sahih al-Jami as-Sagheer no. 6066

[3] Sahih: Narrated Salman Al-Farsi: Allah’s Messenger (Sallallahu alayhi was sallam) said, “Anyone who takes a bath on Friday and cleans himself as much as he can and puts oil (on his hair) or scents himself; and then proceeds for the prayer and does not force his way between two persons (assembled in the mosque for the Friday prayer), and prays as much as is written for him and remains quiet when the Imam delivers the Khutbah, all his sins in between the present and the last Friday will be forgiven.” Recorded in Sahih Bukhari

[4] Sahih: Abu Hurairah reported Allah’s Messenger (Sallallahu alayhi was sallam) as saying: When it is Friday, the angels stand at every door of the mosque and record the people in the order of their arrival, and when the Imam sits (on the pulpit for delivering the sermon) they fold up their sheets (manuscripts of the Qur’an) and listen to the mention (of Allah). And he who comes early is like one who offers a she-camel as a sacrifice, the next like one who offers a cow, the next a ram, the next a hen, the next an egg. Recorded in Sahih Muslim (Chapter: Excellence Of Going Out Early On Friday).

[5] Sahih: Narrated Salman-Al-Farsi: The Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi was sallam) said, “Whoever takes a bath on Friday, purifies himself as much as he can, then uses his (hair) oil or perfumes himself with the scent of his house, then proceeds (for the Jumu’ah prayer) and does not separate two persons sitting together (in the mosque), then prays as much as (Allah has) written for him and then remains silent while the Imam is delivering the Khutbah, his sins in-between the present and the last Friday would be forgiven.” Recorded in Sahih Bukhari

[6] Sahih: Abu Sa’eed reported the Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi was sallam) as saying: “For whoever makes ghusl on Friday, wears the best of his clothing, applies some perfume if he has it, then comes to the Friday Prayer, without stepping over the necks of the people, then prays whatever Allah has recorded for him to pray, then remains silent when the Imam comes out until he is finished with his prayer, then it will be an expiation for whatever occurred between it and the previous Friday.”. Recorded in Sunan Abu Dawud. Graded Sahih by sheikh albani in Sahih al-Jami as-Sagheer no. 6066

[7] Hasan: Narrated Samurah ibn Jundub: The Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi was sallam) said: “Attend the sermon (on Friday) and sit near the imam, for a man keeps himself away until he will be left behind at the time of entering Paradise though he enters it.” Recorded in Sunan Abu Dawud and graded Hasan by sheikh albani

[8] Sahih: It was narrated that Abu Hurairah said that the Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu alayhi was sallam) said, “Whoever catches a rak’ah of the Friday prayer has caught the prayer.” Recorded in Sunan Nasa’i and Sunan Ibn Majah has something similar. Graded Sahih by sheikh albani in I’rwa al-Ghaleel no.622

[9] Sahih: Zayd ibn Arqam said, “The Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi was sallam) prayed the Eid prayer and then gave an exemption for the Friday prayer, saying, “Whoever wishes to pray (the Friday prayer) may pray it.” Recorded in Sunan Abu Dawud and Sunan Ibn Majah.Graded Sahih by sheikh albani in Sahih Ibn Majah no. 1082.

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