Research: Raising the Hands In Salah

Raising the Hands

Concerning this it is narrated in the 2 Saheehs by Ibn Umar that

“The Messenger of Allaah (Sallallahu Alayhee Was-Sallam) wouldraise his hands to his shoulders when he would begin his prayer,when he would say the takbeer for ruku and when he would raisehis head from ruku and say Samee Allaahu Leeman HamidaRabbana Wa Laqal Hamd and he would not do this whilst in prostration.”(Bukhaari no’s 735-737, Muslim (no’s.861-865), Abu Dawood (no’s 255-256), Tirmidhee (no.255-256), Ibn Maajah (no.858)

The people of understanding and those whom Allaah has granted love for his Messenger of Allaah (Sallallahu Alayhee Was-Sallam) and in following and obeying him then this hadeeth alone is sufficient.

However it should be clear the ahadeeth for raising the hands have been transmitted via many chains to the extent that some imams for example Ibn Hazm (Muhalla 4/93), Suyootee (al-Azhaar al-Mutanaasirah Fil Akhbaar al-Mutawaatirah, (no.48) Mujaddid ud deen Fairozabaadee (Safar as-Sa’adah no.14) and others hold this hadeeth is mutawaatir and Haafidh Ibn Hajr Asqalaanee has mentioned in Fath ul-Baaree (2/149) from his teacher, Imaam A’raaqee that he enumerated how many companions narrated it and he numerated 25 and this poor person (ie Imaam Badee ud deen) was only able to numerate 20,

1. Abu Bakr as-Siddeqque

2. Umar bin al-Khattaab

3. Alee bin Abee Taalib

4. Ibn Umar

5. Ibn Abbaas

6. Ibn az-Zubair

7. Abu Hurairah

8. Abu Moosaa al-Asha’aree

9. Abu Humaid as-Sa’adee

10. Muhammad bin Muslimah

11. Abu Sa’eed

12. Maalik ibn al-Huwraith

13. Wail ibn al-Hujr

14. Sahl ibn Sa’ad

15. Abu Qataadah

16. Anas ibn Maalik

17. Jaabir ibn Abdullaah

18. Baraa ibn A’azib

19. Umar Laithee

20. Mu’adh ibn Jabal

And Haafidh Zailaa’ee has transmitted a hadeeth from Imaam Baihaqee’s Khilaafiyyaat the text of which establishes raising of the hands as a command of the Messenger of Allaah (Sallallahu Alayhee Was-Sallam) as does the hadeeth of Maalik bin al-Huwraith. This is why some Scholars of hadeeth for example Muhammad ibn Seereen, Humaidee, Awzaa’ee, Imaam Ahmad bin Hanbal, Imaam Ibn Khuzaimah and Imaam Ibn Hibbaan and others held that it was  obligatory (ie to raise the hands) and this is also the speakers (ie Imaam Badee ud deen’s) position.

This is because a command is for something that is obligatory up until any evidence is not found. As for the hadeeth of Abdullah ibn Mas’ood then the scholars of hadeeth have said it is weak (refer to Juz Raf al-Yadain no’s 11-15 of Imaam Bukhaari).

The student of Imaam Abu Haneefah, the leader of the mujaahideen and pious ones Abdullaah ibn al-Mubaarak said concerning this hadeeth, “Thehadeeth of Ibn Mas’ood is not established”(Refer to Sunan Tirmidhee).

As for the hadeeth of flapping the hands like the tail of a horse then that is concerning the salaam and has nothing to do with the raising of the hands refer to Juzz Raf al-Yadain of Bukhaari and if this hadeeth was considered to be concerning raising the hands then there is no difference between the likening and that which is likened to and this statement of the Prophet becomes baseless an idle.

If one was to think then they would know that there is a big difference in raising of the hands and the moving of tails of horses, if however this was understood with regards to answering the Salaam then it can be understood and a distinction can be made between the likening and that what is likened to.

Furthermore if this is restricted to raising the hands at particular instances then this hadeeth opposes the madhab of the hanafees because they themselves raise their hands for the takbeers of Eed and for the qunoot in the witr prayer.

It was the principle of Abdullaah bin Umar (RadhiAllaahu Anhuma) as is narrated from him by Imaam Bukhaari in Juzz Raf al-Yadain and Imaam Daarqutnee (with Ta’leeq al-Mughnee 1/392 no. 1105) in his Sunan that, “When he would see a man not raising his hands when going intoruku and getting up from it then he would hit them with pebbles.” (other then Daarqutnee, Imaam Ahmad and Ibn al-Jawzee in his Tahqeeq (1/332) have transmitted this)

And it is not feasible to think that Ibn Umar such an illustrious companion and Imaam would hit someone on the mere account of them abandoning something that was only recommended and infact this establishes the obligation of raising the hands according to him.

So if there is punishment for abandoning something that is only recommended then his Sallallahu Alayhee Was-Sallams saying to the one who said, “I will not increase or decrease in this” that he was from the paradise has no meaning.

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