Fiqh Series: Authentic Narrations On What Actions are Permissible During Prayer

Actions which are Permissible During Prayer

1)  Taking some steps due to need:

Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’mineen: The Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu alayhi was sallam) was praying with his door bolted. I came and asked to have the door opened. He walked and opened the door for me. He then returned to his place for prayer. He (the narrator Urwah) mentioned that the door faced the Qiblah. [1]

2)  Carrying a child:

Narrated Abu Qatada: The Prophet came out towards us, while carrying Umamah, the daughter of Abi Al-As (his granddaughter) over his shoulder. He prayed, and when he wanted to bow, he put her down, and when he stood up, he lifted her up. [2]

3)  Killing a scorpion or a snake:

Abu Hurairah narrated that the Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu alayhi was sallam) ordered the killing of the two black creatures during the prayer that is the scorpion and the snake.”[3]

4)  Turning and indicating some meaning due to need:

Jaabir said, “The Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu alayhi was sallam) was in pain and we prayed behind him while he was sitting. He turned to us and saw us standing, so he motioned to us and we also sat as well.”[4]

5)  Signaling to indicate a response to one who has greeted the Praying person:

Abdullah ibn Umar said that the Messenger of Allah () went out to the village of Quba to pray there. Some of the Ansar came to him and greeted him by while he was praying. Abdullah ibn Uma asked Bilal, “How did you see the Messenger of Allah return their greeting and they would greet him while he was praying?” He replied, “He would do like this,” and he opened his palm, and Ja’far ibn Awn (the narrator did the same demonstrating it), with the inside of the palm facing down and the top of the hand facing up.[5]

6)  The men say ‘Subhanallah’ and the women clapping (their hands against their thighs) due to something that has occurred in the prayer:

Narrated Abu Hurairah: The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “The saying ‘Sub Han Allah’ is for men and clapping is for women.” (If something happens in the prayer, the men can invite the attention of the Imam by saying “Sub Han Allah”. And women, by clapping their hands).[6]

7)  Correcting the Imam:

Ibn ‘Umar said: The Prophet (ﷺ) prayed and recited the Qur’an in it. He wa then confused in it (in his recitation). When he finished (his prayer), he said to Ubayy (b. Ka’b): Did you pray along with us? He said: yes. He said: “What prevented you (from correcting me)?”[7]

8)  Touching the leg of a sleeping person:

Narrated Aisha: I used to stretch my legs towards the Qiblah of the Prophet while he was praying; whenever he prostrated he touched me, and I would withdraw my legs, and whenever he stood up, I would stretch it back out again.”[8]

9)  Opposing the one who wants to pass in front of the praying person:

Abu Sa’eed narrated that he heard the Messenger of Allah () say, “If you are praying towards something as a barrier from the people and sometimes tries to pass in front of it, repel him in his chest. If he refuses, then fight him for he is a devil.”[9]

10)  Crying:

Ali said, “There was no horseman among us on the day of Badr except al-Miqdaad. I could see that we were all sleeping except the Messenger of Allah () who was beneath a tree praying and crying until the morning.”[10]

 

References:

[1] Recorded in Tirmizi, Abu Dawud and Nasa’i. Graded Hasan by sheikh albani.

[2] Recorded in Bukhari

[3] Recorded by Ibn Khuzaymah and graded Sahih by sheikh albani

[4] Recorded in Muslim, Nasa’i and Abu Dawud

[5] Recorded in Sunan Abu Dawud and graded Hasan Sahih by sheikh albani

[6] Recorded in Bukhari

[7] Recorded in Sunan Abu Dawud and graded Sahih by sheikh albani

[8] Recorded in Bukhari

[9] Recorded in Muslim

[10] Recorded by Ibn Khuzaymah and the hadith is graded Sahih

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