Fiqh Series: Authentic Narrations On What Actions Nullifier the Prayer

Nullifiers of the Prayer

If any one of these nullifiers occurs within the salah, then the Salah is nullified and one must repeat the whole salah again.

1)  Certainty that one has broken wudu

Narrated `Abbas bin Tamim: that his uncle said: “The Prophet was asked: If a person feels something during his prayer; should one interrupt his prayer?” The Prophet said: No! You should not give it up unless you hear a sound or smell something.” Narrated Ibn Abi Hafsa: Az-Zuhri said, “There is no need of repeating ablution unless you detect a smell or hear a sound.”[1]

2)   Intentionally not performing a Rukn (Pillar) or an act which is Wajib (Obligatory) without excuse

This point is based on the statement of the Prophet () to the one who did not pray properly: Narrated Abu Hurairah: Allah’s Apostle entered the mosque and a person followed him. The man prayed and went to the Prophet and greeted him. The Prophet returned the greeting and said to him, “Go back and pray, for you have not prayed.” The man went back prayed in the same way as before…”[2]

3)   Intentionally eating or drinking in salah

Imam Ibn Munzir said, “The people of knowledge all agree that one who intentionally eats or drinks during an obligatory prayer must repeat the prayer.”[3]

4)   Intentionally speaking something which is not from the salah

Zayd ibn al-Arqam said, “We used to speak during the prayer, a person would speak to the person to his side during the prayer. This was until: “Stand before Allah with obedience.” Baqarah: 238 – was revealed. We were then ordered to remain silent and forbidden to speak.”[4]

5)  Laughing in salah loudly

Imam Ibn Munzir has reported that there is a consensus (Ijma)  that laughing invalidates the prayer.[5]

 

References:

[1] Recorded in Bukhari

[2] Recorded in Bukhari

[3] Imam Ibn Munzir – al-Ijma p.40

[4] Recorded in Muslim, Tirmizi, abu Dawud and Nasa’i

[5] Imam Ibn Munzir – al-Ijma, p. 40

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