Explanation of 40 Hadith Of Imam Al-Nawawi by Sheikh Abdur Rahman Naseer Al-Barrak (Hadith no.6)
On the authority of Aboo `Abdillaah an-Nu`maan the son of Basheer (radiAllaahu ‘anhumaa), who said: I heard the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) say:
That which is lawful is clear and that which is unlawful is clear, and between the two of them are doubtful matters about which many people do not know. Thus he who avoids doubtful matters clears himself in regard to his religion and his honour, but he who falls into doubtful matters [eventually] falls into that which is unlawful, like the shepherd who pastures around a sanctuary, all but grazing therein. Truly every king has a sanctuary, and truly Allaah’s sanctuary is His prohibitions. Truly in the body there is a morsel of flesh, which, if it be whole, all the body is whole, and which, if it is diseased, all of [the body] is diseased. Truly, it is the heart.
Related by al-Bukhari and Muslim
- This hadith is a principle of the Deen in matters of Halal (Permissible) and Haram (Prohibited)
- This hadith divides things in terms of halal and haram into three categories:
1) Clearly Halal
2) Clearly Haram
3) Those things which are doubtful and this division includes: food, drink, clothes, marriage, worship and transactions. As for haram, some things are haram for purely Allah’s sake like the meat of the dead animals, blood, swine and some things are haram for the sake of the servant like robbery and theft.
- As for halal some things are halal as the texts clearly state that they are halal like cattle, seafood and some things are halal as the texts have stayed silent about them for example the different types of birds which do not have claws. As for those doubtful things they are those things which the texts sometimes indicate to be halal and sometimes the opposite, so it is difficult to place a ruling on it for most people but the ruling becomes clear for the people of knowledge, either halal or either haram.
- So whatever becomes clear to the scholar that it is halal then this doubtful thing is now halal and if it becomes clear it is haram then it is considered as haram. Like this sometimes a certain scholar may see one thing to be halal but according to another scholar due to his research he may consider that something to be haram. The reason for this is their Ijtihad, so whoever is correct he has two rewards and whoever is mistaken he has one reward and his mistake is forgiven and upon the layman is to follow the most knowledgeable of the two and the most trustworthy according to what he believes but without following his desires or without extremism
- That some things which are halal are clear to everybody, the layman, the scholar and some things are clearly haram to the layman and the people of knowledge. The example of the first is food and drink which the land bring forth and the example of the second is fornication and drinking alcohol
- This hadith shows us the virtue of the knowledge which differentiates between truth and falsehood and between Halal and Haram
- Guidance towards leaving doubtful things, those things one becomes unsure (about) if they are halal or haram
- That in staying away from doubtful matters one protects their Deen and honour by not later on falling into haram
- (We learn) that doing doubtful things ultimately leads to haram
- That from the ways of explaining is giving examples and explaining intellectual matters with realistic examples
- That the one who caused damage to someone else’s property with their livestock will be held responsible for this damage
- That going close to someone else’s land for grazing or private land can lead to going into there
- That from the practices of a king is that they have land which one cannot enter for a good reason or not
- That the king of all kings (May He be Glorified) has a land that no one is allowed to enter and that is those things which he has made haram like shamelessness in all its forms
- The obligation of staying away from those things Allah has made haram
- The obligation of staying away from those things which lead to haram
- That the goodness of evilness of a person depends on their heart and the whole body follows the heart in doing good or evil actionsThat the goodness of ones inside necessitates the goodness of ones outward appearance and that one’s outward appearance if evil means the evil ness of ones inside and sometime the outside is made to look good even though the inside is evil as is the case of the hypocrites and show offs