Abu Hurayrah narrates the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said:
مَنْ صَامَ شَهْرَ الصَّبْرِ وَثَلَاثَةَ أَيَّامٍ مِنْ كُلِّ شَهْرٍ صَامَ الدَّهْرَ
“Whoever fasts the month of Patience, and the three days of every month, (he is as if he) fasted for an entire year”
Related by Ahmad (2/261) and an-Nasa’i (4/218).no. 2408. It was authenticated by Shaykh al-Albani in Irwa’ul-Ghalil (4/99) and Saheeh al-Jaami’ al-Sagheer 3718 and 3803.
The scholars have said that “the month of patience” refers to Ramadan.
Ibn ‘Abdul-Barr (rahimahullah) said: “What is meant by the month of Patience is the month of Ramadhan … So fasting is called patience because it restrains the soul from eating, drinking, conjugal relations and sexual desires.” [At-Tamhid (19/60-61) of AI-Hafidh Ibn ‘Abdul-Barr.]
Ramadan is the month of patience as the person who observes fasting is patient regarding acts of obedience and avoiding acts of disobedience. He abstains from the permissible things he used to enjoy out of obedience to Allaah The Almighty and in fulfillment of piety. Meanwhile, he stops himself from doing acts of disobedience and forces himself to do many righteous acts which bring one closer to Allaah The Almighty, such as observing the voluntary night prayers, giving in charity, maintaining kinship ties, providing food for the needy and bearing the suffering of hunger and thirst.
Shaykh Abdur Razzaq al-Badr (hafidhahullaah) said regarding Ramadan being the month of patience: So in Ramadan is the fasting, and in it is the standing (in Night Prayers) and in it is the recitation of the Qur’an, in it is righteousness, charity, generosity, kindness, feeding thepoor, dhikr (remembrance), du’a (supplications), repentance, forgiveness and other kinds of worships. All of these require patience by humans to carry them out perfectly in the best possible manner.
And in it is leaving off the tongue from lying, cheating, idle talk, swearing, cursing, shouting, controversy, backbiting, gossiping, and to prevent the rest of the body from committing all (kinds of) disobedience (sins). And this is in Ramadan and at other times. Keeping away from these disobedience requires patience so that a worshipper can savehimself from falling into it.
And in Ramadan is leaving of the food and drink and other related things, and leaving off yearning for all these, as well as holding yourself from things which has been made permissible (halaal) by Allaah from the desires and pleasures, such as intercourse and the things that lead to it. And this cannot be (achieved) by the soul except through patience.