Beneficial Lessons Derived from An-Nawwawee’s Forty Hadeeth #18 By Ash-Shaykh Abdur Rahman ibn Nasr Al-Barrak

Hadeeth #18

Abu Thar (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated Allah’s Messenger (peace and blessings be upon him) said,” Fear Allah wherever you are. Follow up a bad action with a good deed. And treat the people with good manners.”

Collected by At-Tirmithi (1987), Al-Hakim 1/54, Ahmed (21354) Ahmed Shakir graded this hadeeth as being Hasan li Ghayri hi.

This hadeeth is a principle for safeguarding Allah’s rights and the rights of His Slaves. Benefits for this hadeeth:

  • The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him ) gave three points of advise in this hadeeth.
  • It’s a must to fear Allah all the time, regardless of the time or place. Included in the fear of Allah is obeying Him by doing what He’s ordered and staying awaying from what He’s prohibited. Moreover, in Taqwa there is awareness that Allah see’s everything you do.Taqwa is the first and last piece of advice Allah gave to the Prophets, believers and all of mankind. Simply put, this advice contains the order to do acts of obedience and avoid acts of disobedience.
  • The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) advised the people to do a good deed after committing a bad deed. Good deeds are acts of obedience and bad deeds are acts of disobedience.
  • Good deeds erase bad deeds. This is found in the verse. “Verily the good deeds remove the evil deeds…” [ Hud 114] The best way to remove bads though, is to repent to Allah sincerely, then seek His forgiveness, then afterwards practice acts of piety.
  • Allah is merciful and compassionate towards His slaves. He has legislated a way to remove bad deeds. This is one of His blessings.
  • There is advice for treating people kindly. Included in this kindness is avoiding animosity towards them and being patient with their harm towards you.
  • The meaning of this hadeeth is found Allah’s words, “And march forth in the way to forgiveness from your Lord, and for Paradise as wide as the Heavens and the Earth, Prepared for the God-Fearing. Those who spend in prosperity and in adversity, who repress anger, and who pardon men; verily Allah loves the Muhsinun. And those who when they have committed a sin or wronged themselves with evil, remember Allah and ask forgiveness for their sins; – and none can forgive sins but Allah- and do not persist in what wrong they have done, while they know.[ Al-Imran 133-135].
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