Chapter 1: The Obligation of Transmitting on Authority of Trustworthy Narrators and Abandoning the Liars
Know – may Allah, exalted is He, grant you success – that what is obligatory upon everyone who is aware of the distinction between the Sahih transmissions and their weak, the trustworthy narrators from those who stand accused, is to not transmit from them except what is known for the soundness of its emergence and the protection of its narrators; and that they fear what may be from those accused (of deficiency in narrating) and the stubborn people of innovation.
Know that the scholars past and present differ – as stated by ibn Rajab – regarding the matter of relating narrations from the people of innovation and desires:
“A group of them prohibited narrating form them (altogether). This was mentioned on ibn Sireen, Maalik, Ibn Uyaynah, al-Humaydi, Yunus ibn Abu Ishaaq, Ali ibn Harb. Ibn Abu Haatim related on the authority of Abu Ishaaq al-Fazari on Za’idah on Hisham on al-Hasan who said: ‘Do not listen to (narrations from) the people of desires.’
Conversely, a group of (scholars) permitted relating from them, as long as they were not charged with lying. This was reported on Abu Hanifah, ash-Shafi, Yahya ibn Sa’id and ibn al-Madini. Ibn Al-Madini said: ‘If you abandoned the people of Basrah due to al-Qadr and the people of Kufah for al-Tashayyu’ (Shi’ism), the books (of hadith) would be ruined.’
A third group made a distinction between the caller to innovation and the one who was not a caller. So they prohibited narrating upon the caller to innovation as opposed to the one who was not. This opinion was held by ibn al-Mubaarak, Ibn Mahdi, Ahmad ibn Hanbal, (Yahya) ibn Ma’een; this was also narrated on Maalik.”
Those who prohibit it have three objections:
First – Due to the takfir or tafsiq of the people of desires and there is a well-known difference of opinion concerning this.Second – To belittle and abandon them, and to punish them by abandoning their narrations, even if we do not rule them disbelievers or sinners.Third – That innovation and following desires causes a person to lie, not to mention if the narration supports the narrator’s desires.
Al-Muqri reported from Ibn Lahi’ah that he heard a man who had repented from his innovations say: “Look to who you take hadeeth from, for indeed if we held a position, we would invent a hadeeth to support it.”
Ali ibn Harb said: “Whoever is able to narrate strictly from the people of the Sunnah, should do so, for indeed they do not lie. However, every person of desires is unconcerned about lying.”
With the objection, those who are well-known for truthfulness and knowledge are excluded as Abu Dawud said: “There are none from the people of desires more truthful in hadeeth than the Kharijites.” Then he mentioned ‘Imran ibn Hittaan, Abu Hassan al-A’raj. As for the Shi’ites, then the opposite is true. Yazid ibn Harun said: “Do not relate (narrations) on the Raafidah (extreme shi’ites) for indeed they lie.” This was reported by Ibn Abu Haatim.
And there are those who distinguish between those who are extreme in their innovation and those who are not, just as Ibn Khuzaymah abandoned the hadeeth of ‘Ibad ibn Ya’qub due to his extremism. And Ibn al-Akram was asked why al-Bukhari abandoned the hadeeth of Abu al-Tufayl? He said: “Because he went to extremes in Shi’ism.”
Muhammad ibn Adam says: “This statement from al-Akram is dangerous because Abu al-Tufayl was a companion and this speech is not befitting his station. Also al-Bukhari did not abandon his hadeeth; rather, he related from him in the book of knowledge in his Sahih his narration on the authority of Ali: “Relate to the people what they will understand. Would you like that Allah and His Messenger (sallallahu alayhi was sallam) be denied?” So beware of such grave matters. And Allah knows best.
Taken from: Benefits From The Introduction To Sahih Muslim Taken from the work ‘Qurrah Ayn Al-Muhtaaj fi Sharh Muqaddimah Sahih al-imam Muslim al-Hajjaaj’ By Shaykh Muhaddith Muhammad Ibn Ali al-Ithyubi (Teacher at Daar al-Hadeeth al-Khayriyyah Makkah al-Mukarramah)
Part 2 coming soon Inshaa’Allah