Gentleness, O People of the Sunnah, With the People of the Sunnah By: ‘Abdul-Muḥsin bin Ḥamad al-‘Abbâd al-Badr
Chapter: The Grace of [Articulated] Speech and Clarification
Allah’s graces upon His slaves cannot be counted, nor enumerated. From the greatest of
A these graces is the [articulated] speech with which the person clarifies his intent, says the straight word, and commands the recognized [good acts] and prohibits the reprehensible [acts].
Whoever is deprived of it, these affairs do not arise for him. Mutual understanding with others is not possible for him except by gesturing or writing—if he could write. Allah said,
(And Allah puts forward an example of two men. One of them is dumb, not having
power over anything and he is a burden to his master. Whichever way he directs him
he brings no good. Is such a man equal to one who commands justice and is himself
on a Straight Way?) (16:76).
In its exegesis, it has been said, “Surely, it is an example put forth by Allah of Himself and of the idol.” It was said, “Surely, it is an example of the disbeliever and the believer.”
al-Qurṭubî said (9/149), “It was narrated from Ibn ‘Abbâs and it is acceptable, because it (I.e., the verse.) is general,” and it is clear in the deficiency of the dumb slave who does not benefit others and whose master does not benefit from him, whichever way he directs him.
Allah said, (Then, by the Lord of the heaven and the earth, indeed it is certainly truth, similar to [the fact] that you can speak) (51:23).
Surely, Allah has sworn by Himself on the certainty of the resurrection and the reward for deeds, just as the [articulated] speech is currently occurring for those addressed; and in that is an allusion to the grace of [articulated] speech. He, glorified is He, said, (He created man; ! He taught him the clarification) (55:4-5).
al-Ḥasan explained ‘the clarification’ as [articulated] speech; and in that is an allusion to the grace of [articulated] speech by which the person’s explanation arises from what he intends.
He, exalted is He, said, (Have We not made for him a pair of eyes, ! a tongue and two
lips?) (90:8-9). In his Tafsîr, Ibn Kathîr said,
His statement, exalted is He, (Have We not made for him a pair of eyes,) meaning
he sees with them; (a tongue,) meaning he speaks with it, and thus expresses what is
inside him; (and two lips,) he seeks aid from them for speech, eating food, and
beautification for his face and mouth.
Translated by: Aboo Ishaaq Rasheed Gonzales