Explanation of The Aqidah of The Two Imams Abū Zur’ah ar-Râzî & Abū Ḥâtim ar-Râzî (Part 5)

[4] The best of this nation after its prophet is Abū Bakr aṣ-Ṣiddîq, then ‘Umar bin al-Khaṭṭâb, then ‘Uthmân bin ‘Affân, then ‘Alî bin Abî Ṭâlib y. They are the Rightly Guided, Reasonable Caliphs.

[5] That the ten who Allah’s messenger r named and testified for with Paradise are upon what he testified with; and his statement is the truth.

Explanation:

Imam Abu ‘Uthmaan Ismaa’eel bin ‘Abd al-Rahmaan al-Saabooni (d. 449) said: The people of hadith testify that the best of the companions of the Messenger of Allah are Abu Bakr, then Umar ibn Khattab, then Uthman, the Ali. They are the rightly guided Khulafa, whom the Prophet had mentioned regarding their successorship. He said, in what is reported by Sa’eed ibn Jamhaan from Safeenah: “The Khilafah will remain for thirty years after me.” The Safeenah said ‘Take Abu Bakr’s Khilafah for two years, Umar’s for ten, Uthman’s for twelve and Ali’s for six.’[1]

The People of Narrations affirm the caliphate of Abu Bakr – may Allah be pleased with him – after the death of the Messenger of Allah () due to the choice and the agreement of the Companions for him.[2]

The Imam also says: “Then the Khilafah of Umar ibn Khattab by the appointment of Abu Bakr and the agreement of all the companions. Allah, the one free from all deficiencies, used his position to bring glory to Islam and to make it great as He had promised.

Then the Khilafah of Uthman by the consensus of the Ahlul Shura and all the companions, and by their contentment with him. So that the position came to him.

The Khilafah of Ali through the pledge of allegiance of the companions’ when they realized and saw that the one who had the most right out of all the creation and was more entitled to the Khilafah at that time was Ali, they did not permit any disobedience or opposition to the Khilafah.

So these four were the Khulafah ar-Rashideen through whom Allah aided His religion, subdued and overcame the apostates, made Islam strong by their standing, raised in their time the signposts of truth, illuminated by their brilliance, their light and rays against the darkness and made the truth via their Khilafah, His promise whivh He had previously mentioned in His saying: “Allah has promised those who have believed among you and done righteous deeds that He will surely grant them succession [to authority] upon the earth just as He granted it to those before them and that He will surely establish for them [therein] their religion which He has preferred for them and that He will surely substitute for them, after their fear, security…””[3][4]

[5] That the ten[5] who Allah’s messenger named and testified for with Paradise are upon what he testified with; and his statement is the truth.

Explanation:

All ten sahabahs are mention in the following hadith:

Narrated Sa’id ibn Zayd: Abdur Rahman ibn al-Akhnas said that when he was in the mosque, a man mentioned Ali (may Allah be pleased with him). So Sa’id ibn Zayd got up and said: I bear witness to the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) that I heard him say: Ten persons will go to Paradise: The Prophet (ﷺ) will go to Paradise, Abu Bakr will go to Paradise, Umar will go to Paradise, Uthman will go to Paradise, Ali will go to Paradise, Talhah will go to Paradise: az-Zubayr ibn al-Awwam will go to paradise, Sa’d ibn Malik will go to Paradise, and AbdurRahman ibn Awf will go to Paradise. If I wish, I can mention the tenth. The People asked: Who is he: So he kept silence. The again asked: Who is he: He replied: He is Sa’id ibn Zayd.[6]

These are Prophet Muḥammad’s noble companions:

  • Abū Bakr aṣ-Ṣiddîq,
  • ‘Umar bin al-Khaṭṭâb,
  • ‘Uthmân bin ‘Affân,
  • ‘Alî bin Abî Ṭâlib,
  • Ṭalḥah bin ‘Ubaidillah,
  • az-Zubair bin al-‘Awwâm,
  • ‘Abdur-Raḥman bin ‘Awf,
  • Sa’d bin Abî Waqqâṣ,
  • Sa’îd bin Zaid, and
  • Abū ‘Ubaidah bin al-Jarrâḥ.

References:

[1] Recorded in Musnad of Imam Ahmad 5: 220-221, Sunan Abu Dawud 4646-4647 and Sunan Tirmidhi 2340. Graded it Hasan in Silsilatul Ahadith as-Sahihah no. 459

[2] Taken from the book ‘The Creed of the Salaf and the People of Hadith’ by Imam Saabooni pg. 88

[3] Surah Nahl: 55

[4] Taken from the book ‘The Creed of the Salaf and the People of Hadith’ by Imam Saabooni pg. 88-89

[5] These are Prophet Muḥammad’s noble companions: Abū Bakr aṣ-Ṣiddîq, ‘Umar bin al-Khaṭṭâb, ‘Uthmân bin ‘Affân, ‘Alî bin Abî Ṭâlib, Ṭalḥah bin ‘Ubaidillah, az-Zubair bin al-‘Awwâm, ‘Abdur-Raḥman bin ‘Awf, Sa’d bin Abî Waqqâṣ, Sa’îd bin Zaid, and Abū ‘Ubaidah bin al-Jarrâḥ.

[6] Recorded in Sunan Abu Dawud. Graded Sahih by sheikh albani.

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