Explanation of The Aqidah of The Two Imams Abū Zur’ah ar-Râzî & Abū Ḥâtim ar-Râzî (Part 6)

[6] Asking for Allah’s mercy for all of the companions of Muḥammad and refraining from what occurred between them.

[7] That Allah is upon His throne, distinct from His creation, just as He described Himself within His book and upon the tongue of His messenger r, without a ‘how’.

Explanation:

Imam Abu ‘Uthmaan Ismaa’eel bin ‘Abd al-Rahmaan al-Saabooni said: “One who loves them follows them, prays for them, acknowledges their rights and know their excellence, will indeed bee successful….”[1]

Abu Hurairah reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: “Do not revile my Companions, do not revile my Companions. By Him in Whose Hand is my life, if one amongst you would have spent as much gold as Uhud it would not amount to as much as one much on behalf of one of them or half of it.”[2]

Imam As-Saabooni said: “The people of hadith hold that one must refrain (from discussing) the dispute between the companions of the Messenger of Allah. The tongues must be purged from mentioning anything which entails the attribution of shortcomings and deficiencies to them. They (people of hadith) hold that one should seek Allah’s mercy for all of them and have love and defend each and every one of them. They also hold that one should exalt the status of the Prophet’s wives, supplicate for them, recognise their excellence and acknowledge that they are the mothers of the believers.”[3]

[7] That Allah is upon His throne, distinct from His creation, just as He described Himself within His book and upon the tongue of His messenger r, without a ‘how’.

Explanation:

It is proven in the Quran and Sunnah (prophetic teachings) and by the consensus (ijma’) of the salaf (early generations) of this ummah (global Islamic nation) that Allah is above His heavens over His Throne (as befits His Majesty), and that He is the Exalted, Most High. He is above all things, and there is nothing that is above Him.

Imam As-Saabooni said: “The people hadith believe and testify that Allah, the One free from all deficiencies and the Most High, is above the heavens and over His throne, as in His saying, the Most Mighty and the Most Majestic in Surah Yunus:

“Surely, your Lord is Allah Who created the heavens and the earth in six Days and then Istawa (rose over) the Throne (really in a manner that suits His Majesty), disposing the affair of all things. No intercessor (can plead with Him) except after His Leave. That is Allah, your Lord; so worship Him (Alone). Then, will you not remember?”[4]

And His saying in saying Surah Ra’d: “Allah is He Who raised the heavens without any pillars that you can see. Then, He Istawa (rose above) the Throne (really in a manner that suits His Majesty)…”[5]

And His saying in Surah Furqaan: “Who created the heavens and the earth and all that is between them in six Days. Then He Istawa (rose over) the Throne (in a manner that suits His Majesty). The Most Beneficent (Allah)! Ask Him…”[6][7]

 References: 

[1] Taken from the book ‘The Creed of the Salaf and the People of Hadith’ by Imam Saabooni pg. 91

[2] Recorded in Sahih Muslim

[3] Taken from the book ‘The Creed of the Salaf and the People of Hadith’ by Imam Saabooni pg. 91

[4] Surah Yunus: 3

[5] Surah Ra’d: 2

[6] Surah Furqaan: 59

[7] Taken from the book ‘The Creed of the Salaf and the People of Hadith’ by Imam Saabooni pg. 16-17

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