Explanation of The Aqidah of The Two Imams Abū Zur’ah ar-Râzî & Abū Ḥâtim ar-Râzî (Part 7)

[8] He encompasses everything in knowledge.

[9] (Nothing is like His like and He is the Hearing, the Seeing) (42:11).

[10] Allah, blessed and exalted is He, will be seen in the Hereafter; the People of Paradise will see Him with their eyesight’s.

Explanation:

Allah’s knowledge encompasses everything. He knows what has occurred, what will occur and all that which has not occurred. He knew everything about His creation before He created it. He knows in His eternal knowledge about His creation ,their provisions, life spans, sayings, moves deeds, secrets all of their obedience and disobedient acts, who among them will be people of Jannah (Paradise) or who will be from the people of An Naar (fire):

‘Verily Allah is the All Knower of everything.” (8:75)

“And that Allah surrounds (comprehends) all things in his Knowledge.” (65:12)

Ali narrated that “one day the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) was sitting with a wooden stick in his hand with which he was scratching the ground. He raised his head and said “there is none of you but has his place assigned either in the fire or in Paradise.” They said, “O Allah’s Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) Why should we carry on doing good deeds then, shall we depend (on Al-qadar) and give up work? The Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) said “No, but carry on doing good deeds, for everyone will find easy (to do) such deeds as will lead him to that for which he has been created “then he recited this ayat: “As for him who gives (in charity)and keeps his duty to Allah and fears Him, and believes in Al Husna (Tawheed, path of righteousness) we will make smooth for him the path of ease, goodness..(92:5-10)”[1]

[9] (Nothing is like His like and He is the Hearing, the Seeing) (42:11).

Explanation:

Allaah says: “There is nothing like unto Him, and He is the All-Hearer, All-Seer.” [al-Shoora 42:11].

There is nothing like unto Him, nothing that is equal or comparable to Him or that can rival Him. He is far above any resemblance to any created being. Whatever crosses the mind of the son of Adam with regard to his Lord, He is greater than that. No creature can encompass Him, may He be glorified and exalted, or imagine what He looks like. Allaah says: “… and they will never encompass anything of His Knowledge.” [Ta-Ha 20:110]

The Muslim is not supposed to try to imagine or picture Allaah; rather, he has to believe in the sublime attributes which befit His Might and Majesty in which there is none like unto Him. Part of the ‘aqeedah (basic beliefs, creed) of the Muslims is that Allaah cannot be seen in this world, as He says: “No vision can grasp Him” [al-An’aam 6:103]

You have to recognize Allaah by the Names and Attributes which He has told us about in His Book, and which His Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) told us about. Do not occupy yourself with something that is beyond you; devote yourself instead to doing what your Lord has commanded you to do. Put aside these whispers from the Shaytaan, and may Allaah help you to do that which pleases Him.

[10] Allah, blessed and exalted is He, will be seen in the Hereafter; the People of Paradise will see Him with their eyesight’s.

Explanation:

Imam Abu ‘Uthmaan Ismaa’eel bin ‘Abd al-Rahmaan al-Saabooni said: “Ahlus Sunnah believe and testify that the believers will see their Lord, the Most Blessed and the Most High, on the day of judgment with their eyes. They will look to Him, as it is reported in the authentic narrations from the Messenger of Allah. He said: “Indeed, you will see your Lord like you see the full moon.”[2]

The comparison (like) mentioned in this hadith is between the two (seeing’s) not between that which is seen in each case.[3][4]

[1] Recorded in Sahih Muslim

[2] Recorded in Sahih Bukhari, Sahih Muslim and Sunan Abu Dawud

[3] I.e. The similarity between seeing the full moon and seeing Allah is in the seeing, not between the full moon and Allah. This fine point us a refutation on those who claim that Ahlus Sunnah here have made a comparison between Allah and creation (i.e. full moon).

[4] Taken from the book ‘The Creed of the Salaf and the People of Hadith’ by Imam Saabooni pg. 60-61

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