Explanation of The Aqidah of The Two Imams Abū Zur’ah ar-Râzî & Abū Ḥâtim ar-Râzî (Part 8)

[11] They will hear His words however He wills and just as He wills.

[12] Paradise and the Fire are true. They are two created [things], they will never perish. Paradise is a reward for His patrons and the Fire is a penalty for the people of His disobedience, except whoever He had mercy on.

[13] The Path[9] is true.

Explanation:

The position of the people of hadith in regards to the words of Allah is that His words are one of His attributes; He did not ceases nor will He cease to speak with real words and letters with a voice that is not similar to the voices of His creation. He speaks whatever, whenever and however He wishes.

There are many evidences for this amongst them is His saying:

“And Allah spoke to Musa with (direct) speech.”[1]

Also His saying: “And when Musa arrived at Our appointed time and his Lord spoke to him…”[2]

The evidence that it is by a voice is His statement:

“And We called him from the right side of the mount, and made him draw near to Us for a talk with him.”[3]

The evidence from the Sunnah is the Prophets saying:

“Allah says, “O Adam.” He says, “Here I am at your service.” Then, He calls with a voice: “Surely Allah commands you to bring out from your offspring the delegation that is to go to the fire.” He then says, “What is the delegation that is to go to the fire?”[4]

The evidence that it is with letters is His saying:

“And We said, “O Adam dwell you and your wife in paradise…”[5]

Since the saying of Allah to Adam is with letters.

The evidence that Allah speaks when He wills is His saying:

“And when Musa arrived at Our appointed time and his Lord spoke to him…”[6]

The speaking occurred after Musa came. Thus, He speak whenever He wills.

The speech of Allah is an attribute in regards to its origin because Allah never ceased nor ceases to be able to speak. It is a practical attribute in regards to its units because the unit of speech is linked with His will, whenever He wills or wishes He speaks. 

[12] Paradise and the Fire are true. They are two created [things], they will never perish. Paradise is a reward for His patrons and the Fire is a penalty for the people of His disobedience, except whoever He had mercy on.

Explanation:

Imam As-Saabooni said: “Ahlus Sunnah testify and believe that paradise and hell are both created. They will remain eternally and the people of paradise will never leave it. Also the inhabitants of Hell, who were created for it, will never come out of it. Death will be sacrificaed on the wall between paradise and hell, then a call will be made that day: “…O people of paradise, there is eternity and no death. O people of hell, there is eternity and no death.” [7] This is what is reported authentically from the Messenger of Allah.”[8]

[13] The Path[9] is true.

Explanation:

Imam Ibn Taymiyyah mentioned about the Siraat: “The Siraat is stretched over Hell. It is the bridge between Paradise and Hell. People cross it in accordance with their deeds. Some cross as quickly as the eye winks; Some cross as if a flash of lightening; Some cross as if wind; Some cross as a noble horse would; Some cross as a camel rider might; Some cross it running, some walking; Some cross it crawling; And some are snatched and thrown into Hell. The bridge has hooks to snatch the people according to their deeds. Whoever passes over it enters Paradise. If they cross the Sirat, they will be halted over a bridge between Paradise and Hell to settle accounts between themselves; if they are cleared and purified, they are permitted to enter Paradise.”[10]

It is narrated on the authority of Abu Sa’id al-Khudri: We said: Messenger of Allah, shall we see our Lord? The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: Do you feel any trouble in seeing the sun on a cloudless day? We said: No. And the remaining part of the hadith has been narrated to the end like the hadith transmitted by Hafs b. Maisara with the addition of these words: Without the deed that they did or any good that they had sent before. It would be said to them: For you is whatever you see (in it) and with it the like of it. Abu Sa’id said: I have come to know that the bridge would be thinner even than the hair and sharper than the sword; and in the hadith narrated by Laith these words are not found: They would say, O our Lord! Thou hast bestowed upon us (favours) which thou didst not bestow on anyone else in the world.[11]

References:

[1] Surah Nisaa: 164

[2] Surah A’raaf: 143

[3] Syrah Maryam: 52

[4] Recorded in Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim

[5] Surah Baqarah: 35

[6] Surah A’raaf: 143

[7] Recorded in Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim

[8] Taken from the book ‘The Creed of the Salaf and the People of Hadith’ by Imam Saabooni pg. 62

[9] As-Sirâṭ – way, path, road. It refers to the bridge over Hell, over which that the people will have to cross in order to enter Paradise. Depending on their deeds, some will be able cross over it quickly, some slowly, and some not at all.

[10] Taken from Aqidah Wasatiyyah of Ibn Taymiyyah. Chapter: Belief in the Hereafter As-Sirat (The Bridge Over Hell)

[11] Recorded in Sahih Muslim

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