Explanation of The Aqidah of The Two Imams Abū Zur’ah ar-Râzî & Abū Ḥâtim ar-Râzî (Part 9)

[14] The Balance that has two scales in which the deeds of the slaves, the good of them and the wicked of them, will be weighed is true.

[15] The Basin with which our Prophet is honoured is true.

 [16] The Intercession is true and that a people from the People of Monotheism will be extracted from the Fire through the Intercession is true.

Explanation:

The Meezaan (balance) which will weigh people’s deeds on the Day of Resurrection is proven in the Qur’aan and Mutawaatir Sunnah. Allah will set up the scales so that the deeds of the people can be weighed.

Allah Says: {Then as for him whose balance (of good deeds) will be heavy, He will live a pleasant life (in Paradise). But as for him whose balance (of good deeds) will be light, He will have his home in Hawiyah (pit, i.e. Hell). And what will make you know what it is? (It is) a hot blazing Fire!}[101:6-11].

Allah also Says: {…So as for those whose scale (of good deeds) will be heavy, they will be the successful (by entering Paradise).}[7:8].

He also Says: {And those whose scales (of good deeds) are light, they are those who lose their ownselves, in Hell will they abide.}[23:103].

Abu Hurairah (RAA) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, “There are two statements that are light for the tongue to remember, heavy in the Scales and are dear to the Merciful: ‘Subhan-Allahi wa bihamdihi, Subhan-Allahil-Azim[Glory be to Allah and His is the praise, (and) Allah, the Greatest is free from imperfection]’.”[1]

Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, “He who keeps a horse for Jihad purposes, having faith in Allah and relying on His Promise, will find that its fodder, drink, droppings and urine will all be credited to him in his Scales on the Day of Resurrection.”[2]

[15] The Basin[3] with which our Prophet is honoured is true.

Explanation:

A Basin (a tank for holding water) which will be set up in the place of gathering on the Day of Resurrection, to which the Ummah of Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) will come. The water of this basin will come from the river of al-Kawthar which is in Paradise, hence it is called the Basin of al-Kawthar and its location is before the Siraat, according to the majority of the scholars. Its water comes to it from the river of al-Kawthar in Paradise. His Cistern is square, and its length and breadth are the distance of a month’s travel by camel. Its water is whiter than milk, its fragrance is more pleasant than musk and its taste is sweeter than honey. The number of its vessels is like the number of stars in the sky, and even more. Whoever drinks from it will never thirst again after that.

With regard to the features of the Hawd that will be in the place of gathering, they include the following:

Al-Bukhaari (6093) and Muslim (4244) narrated that ‘Abd-Allaah ibn ‘Amr said: The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “My Basin is (as big as) the distance of a month’s (journey). Its length and width are equal and its water is whiter than milk and its scent is better than musk. Its drinking vessels are like the stars of the sky and whoever drinks from it will never thirst again.”

In Saheeh Muslim (4261) it is narrated from Anas (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “In it can be seen vessels of gold and silver whose number is as the stars of the sky.” According to another report, “More than the number of stars in the sky.”

It is also narrated in Saheeh Muslim (4256) from Thawbaan (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) was asked about its drink and he said: “It is whiter than milk and sweeter than honey. Two pipes feed into it from Paradise, one of gold and the other of silver.”

There is no doubt among the scholars that the ahaadeeth about the Basin reach the level of being mutawaatir (i.e., narrated by so many people from so many people that it is inconceivable that they could all agree upon a lie). It was narrated from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) by more than fifty of his companions.

Al-Haafiz ibn Hajar listed the names of the Sahaabah who narrated these ahaadeeth in al-Fath (11/468).

 [16] The Intercession is true and that a people from the People of Monotheism will be extracted from the Fire through the Intercession is true.

Explanation:

The people of hadith believe in the intercession of the Messenger Mohammed, the intercession that can be done by the angels, martyrs and others that are mentioned in the authentic Sunnah.

Imam Ibn Taymiyyah mentioned about the Intercession: “The first to knock at the gate of Paradise will be Muhammad (peace be upon him); And the first Ummah to enter Paradise will be his Ummah.

And he (Muhammad) (peace be upon him) has three intercessions to perform on the Day of Resurrection:

His first intercession will be on behalf of the people still held for judgment, after all Prophets, Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, and Jesus, the son of Mary, have passed over intercession and it reaches him (Muhammad).

His second intercession will be on behalf of the people of Paradise in order that they may enter it. These two intercessions are unique to him.

His third intercession is to be on behalf of those who warrant Fire. This intercession is for him (Muhammad), for all prophets and saints and for others, so that they may intercede on behalf of those who deserve Fire, preventing them from entering it, and on behalf of those who have entered into the Fire, taking them from it. Allah, The Exalted, out of His Generosity and Mercy, sends some people out from the Fire without intercession. Space will be left unfilled in Paradise, so Allah will create more people for it, and bring them into it.

The Hereafter includes judgment, reward, punishment, Paradise and Hell. These are mentioned in detail in the Revealed Books from heavens, in the tradition of the prophets, and in the inherited knowledge from Muhammad (peace be upon him) what is sufficient and satisfactory (in this regard), and whoever wishes to seek it can find it.”[4]

 

[1] Recorded in Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim

[2] Recorded in Sahih Bukhari

[3] Al-Hawḍ – basin; water basin; trough, tank, cistern, reservoir, container; basin of a river or sea; pool.

[4] Taken from Aqidah Wasatiyyah of Ibn Taymiyyah. Chapter: Belief in the Hereafter – As-Shafa’ah (Intercession)

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