The Science of Hadeeth By Shaykh Saalih al-‘Uthaymeen (Part 9)

Al-Idraj Feel Matn (Interpolation In The Text Of A Narration)

Definition: This is where a narrator or Muhaddith inserts into the text of a hadeeth a statement from himself, not intending for his words to be taken as part of the hadeeth.[1] An insertion into the text of a hadeeth usually occurs as a result of a narrator explaining a particular word in the hadeeth, extracting a ruling or bringing forth a benefit from the hadeeth.

The Placing: The interpolation of words by the narrator in the text of a hadeeth can occur in the beginning, in the middle or at the end of the hadeeth.

Examples:

  1. a) Narrated Abu Hurairah: The Messenger of Allaah (ﷺ) said: “Perform the wudu (ablution) thoroughly; woe to the heels from the Fire!”[2]

Al-Khateeb al Baghdadi (d.462H) said regarding this hadeeth: “The statement: ‘Perform the ablution thoroughly’ is from Abu Hurairah. While, the statement: ‘Woe to the heels from the Fire’ is from the Prophet of Allaah (ﷺ).

The distinction between the 2 statements is understood from the narration of the same hadeeth collected by Imaam al-Bukhari (d.256H);

Narrated Muhammad ibn Ziyad: I heard Abu Hurairah saying as he passed us while the people were performing ablution from a utensil containing water: “Perform the ablution perfectly and thoroughly, for the Prophet of Allaah (ﷺ) said: ‘Save your heels from the Fire!’”[3]

  1. b) Narrated A’ishah bint Abu Bakr: “…The Messenger of Allaah (ﷺ) used to go to in seclusion in the cave of Hiraa‘, where he hanifa – worshipped Allaah alone – continuously for many nights before returning to see his family…”

Imaam al-Bukhari (d.256H) states: “The words: ‘worshipped Allah alone’, are not the words of A’ishah bint Aboo Bakr. Rather, they have been inserted by Imaam az-Zuhri (d.124H) as an explanation of the word ‘hanifa’.

  1. c) Narrated Nu’aym al-Mujmir: Once I went up the roof of the mosque along with Abu Hurairah. He performed ablution and said: “I heard The Prophet of Allaah (ﷺ) saying: ‘On the Day of Resurrection, my followers will be called ‘al-Ghurrul-Muhajjaloon’ from the traces of ablution. So whoever can increase the area of his radiance should do so.’”[4]

Nu’aym al-Mujmir said in his Musnad: “I do not know whether the words: ‘So whoever can increase the area of his radiance should do so’, are from the Prophet of Allaah (ﷺ) or not.”

Many of the other narrations of this hadeeth end at the word: ‘ablution’.

How to know that a text has interpolation: It cannot be established that a word or words have been inserted into the matn (text) of a hadeeth unless there are specific evidences;

  1. The narrator states that certain words in a narration have been inserted by him and are not the words of the Messenger of Allaah (ﷺ).
  2. A well-established Muhaddith proves that a particular word/phrase/sentence is not part of the hadeeth.

iii. If a word or words in a hadeeth are known not to have been spoken by the Prophet of Allaah (ﷺ).

References:

[1] A narrator known to practised idraj intentionally is generally unaccepted and considered a liar. Tadrib ar-Rawi by Imaam Jalalad-Deen As-Suyuti (d.911H). Vol.1 pg.274

[2] Recorded in Sahih Bukhari

[3] Recorded in Sahih Bukhari

[4] Recorded in Sahih Bukhari

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3 thoughts on “The Science of Hadeeth By Shaykh Saalih al-‘Uthaymeen (Part 9)

  1. Pingback: The Science of Hadeeth By Shaykh Saalih al-‘Uthaymeen (Part 9) | Way Of Sahaba

  2. Pingback: Islamic Knowledge

  3. Pingback: The Science of Hadeeth By Shaykh Saalih al-‘Uthaymeen (Part 9) | SERAAT-E-MUSTAQEEM

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