The Science of Hadeeth By Shaykh Saalih al-‘Uthaymeen (Part 10)

Az – Zi‘Adati Feel Hadeeth (Addition In The Narration)

Definition: This is where a narrator/muhadith adds a word/phrase/sentence to the text of a hadeeth, with the understanding that these words are part of the statement spoken by the Messenger of Allaah (‘Alahyi sallatu wa salam). Thus, az-Zi‘adah is more general than al-Idraj.

Types:

There are 2 types of zi‘adah (addition);

  • This is known as idraj
  • This is the addition of words to the text of a narration by a muhadith, where he attributes these additional words to the Prophet of Allaah (Sallallahu ‘alayhi wa salam).

The Ruling:

  1. The addition to the text of a narration made by someone who is not thiqah (trustworthy) is rejected.
  2. The addition to the text of a narration made by someone who is thiqah, but it contradicts or opposes the narration of one who is more thiqah than him is rejected.
  1. Narrated Nafi’: “ ‘Abdullaah ibn Umar (Radiyallaahu anhu) used to raise his hands to the level of his shoulders when he began the prayer. And when he came up from ruku’ (bowing), he would raise them less than that.”[1]
  2. Narrated ‘Abdullaah ibn Umar (Radiyallaahu anhu): “I saw that whenever the Messenger of Allaah (‘Alahyi sallatu wa salam) stood for the prayer, he used to raise both his hands to the shoulders. He also did the same on saying the Takbir (magnification of Allaah -Allaahu Akbar) for bowing and raising up his head from it…”[2]

So the addition to this hadeeth: ‘he would raise his hands to a lesser degree than the first Takbir’, by Imaam Malik (d.179H) Rahimahullaah, who is thiqah, is rejected. This is because it opposes the narration by Imaam al-Bukhari (d.256H) Rahimahullaah, who is more thiqah.

  1. The addition to the text of a narration will be accepted if it is from someone who is thiqah and it does not contradict the narration from someone who is also thiqah.
  2. Narrated ‘Umar ibn al-Khattaab (Radiyallaahu anhu): The Messenger of Allaah (‘Alahyi sallatu wa salam) said: “There is not one of you that makes ablution and completes it, then says: ‘I bear witness that none has the right to be worshipped except Allaah alone and Muhammad is His Slave and Messenger.’ Except that the 8 gates of Paradise would open for him that he may enter from whichever one he pleases.”[3]
  3. Narrated ‘Umar ibn al -Khattaab (Radiyallaahu anhu): The Messenger of Allaah (‘Alahyi sallatu wa salam) said: “There is not one of you that makes ablution and completes it, then says: ‘I bear witness that none has the right to be worshipped except Allaah and He has no partners, and Muhammad is His Slave and Messenger.’ Except that the 8 gates of Paradise would open for him that he may enter from whichever one he pleases.”2

The added words: ‘…and He has no partners…’in the 2nd hadeeth are from someone who is thiqah nor does it oppose or contradict the 1st hadeeth. Therefore, the additional are acceptable.

References:

[1] Muwatta Malik

[2] Sahih al-Bukhari

[3] Sahih Muslim

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One thought on “The Science of Hadeeth By Shaykh Saalih al-‘Uthaymeen (Part 10)

  1. Pingback: The Science of Hadeeth By Shaykh Saalih al-‘Uthaymeen (Part 10) | SERAAT-E-MUSTAQEEM

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