The Science of Hadeeth By Shaykh Saalih al-‘Uthaymeen (Part 12)

 Al–Mawdu’al Hadeeth (Fabrication Of Hadeeth)

Definition: This is a narration where the narrator falsely attributes it to the Messenger of Allaah (‘Alahyi sallatu wa salam) as been his words i.e. intentionally lying upon The Prophet of Allaah (Sallallahu ‘alayhi wa salam).[1]

The Ruling: The fabricated hadeeth is completely rejected nor is it permissible to mention it, except that it is stated that the hadeeth is mawdoo’ (fabricated) and this is in order to warn the people from believing in it and/or acting upon it.

Narrated ‘Ali ibn Abee Taalib (Radiyallaahu anhu): The Prophet of Allaah (Sallallahu ‘alayhi wa salam) said: “Do not tell a lie against me, for whoever tells a lie against me (intentionally), then he will surely enter the Hell-fire.”[2]

How to establish the fabrication of a hadeeth:

  1. The narrator confesses that he himself fabricated the hadeeth which he has narrated.
  2. The hadeeth is in contradiction to the sound/unclouded intellect ‘al- Aql as-Sareeh’ e.g. affirming something which is impossible to affirm or denying something which is well established.

iii. The hadeeth is in direct opposition or contradicts an issue which is firmly established as been part of the Deen (religion) e.g. a hadeeth denying or rejecting the pillars of Islaam or Imaan, or a hadeeth legislating the lawfulness of riba (interest/usury), zina (adultery), etc.

Examples:

  1. Narrated Jabir ibn ‘Abdullaah (Radiyallaahu anhu): The Prophet of Allaah (Sallallahu ‘alayhi wa salam): “My Companions are like stars; whichever of them you follow, you will be rightly-guided.”[3]
  2. Narrated Anas bin Maalik (Radiyallaahu anhu): The Messenger of Allaah (‘Alahyi sallatu wa salam): “There will be a man among my Ummah (nation) known as Muhammad ibn Idrees, who will be more harmful to my Ummah than Iblees (the Devil). And there will be a man among my Ummah known as Aboo Haneefah who will be the lamp of my Ummah.”[4]
  3. Narrated ‘Abdulllaah ibn Abbas (Radiyallaahu anhu): The Messenger of Allaah (‘Alahyi sallatu wa salam) said: “Angel Jibreel came to me and said: ‘Were it not for you, the world would not have been created.’”[5]
  4. Narrated Husayn ibn ‘Alee (Radiyallaahu anhu): The Prophet of Allaah (Sallallahu ‘alayhi wa salam) said: “Whoever performs i’tikaf (i.e. to dwell in the mosque) for 10 days during Ramadan, it counts for him as having performed Hajj and ’Umrah twice.”[6]
  5. Narrated Aboo Mas’ood al-Ghifaree (Radiyallaahu anhu): The Messenger of Allaah (‘Alahyi sallatu wa salam) said: “If the servants knew how great Ramadan was, then they would wish that it lasted all year. Indeed, Paradise is decorated for Ramadan from the start of the year till the next year…”[7]
  6. Narrated ‘Umar ibn al-Khattaab (Radiyallaahu anhu): The Prophet of Allaah (Sallallahu ‘alayhi wa salam) said: “When Aadam (‘Alayhis-Salam) fell into the sin, he said: ‘O my Lord, I ask You by the right of Muhammad to forgive me.’ Allaah (Subhana wa ta ‘alaa) said: ‘O Aadam, how did you know of Muhammad when I have not yet created him?’ Aadam (‘Alayhis-Salam) said: ‘O my Lord, when You created me with Your hand and breathed life into me, I raised up my head and saw written upon the pillars of the Throne: [None has the right to be worshipped except Allaah, Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah (‘Alahyi sallatu wa salam)]. So I knew that You would not add after Your Name that of anyone except the most beloved of creation to You.’ So Allaah (Tabaraka wa ta’alaa) said: ‘I have forgiven you and if it were not for Muhammad, I would not have created you.’”[8]
  7. Narrated: The Messenger of Allaah (‘Alahyi sallatu wa salam) said: “Love the Arabs for 3 reasons; I am Arab, the Qur’an is in Arabic and the people of Paradise will converse in Arabic.”[9]
  8. All the ahadeeth concerning the visitation of the Prophet of Allaah (Sallallahu ‘alayhi wa salam)’s grave.
  9. All the ahadeeth regarding the excellence of the month of Rajab.
  10. All the ahadeeth stating that Prophet Khidr (‘Alayhis-Salam) is still alive and that he attended The Prophet of Allaah (Sallallahu ‘alayhi wa salam)’s janazah (funeral).

There are numerous Scholars who have compiled and collected various books (some running into many volumes) containing many fabricated ahadeeth, in order to make the general people aware of them, to defend the Sunnah and also to expose such mawdoo’ (fabricated) ahadeeth. Examples of some books written regarding this issue are cited below;

  • Al-Mawdoo’at al Kubra by ibn Jawzi (d.597H) Rahimahullaah.
  • Tanzeeh ash-Shari’a al-Marfu’a by ibn ’Iraqi (d.963H) Rahimahullaah.
  • Al-Faway’d al-Majmoo’ah feel Ahadeeth al-Mawdoo’ah by Imaam ash-Shawkanee (1250H) Rahimahullaah.

 

References:

[1] Imaam Adh-Dhahabee (d.748H) Rahimahullaah defines mawdoo’ (fabricated/forged) as the term applied to a hadeeth, the matn (text) of which goes against the established norms of the Prophet (Sallallahu ‘alayhi wa salam)’s sayings, or its isnad (chain of narrators) includes a liar. Al-Muqizah by adh-Dhahabee (d.748H) Rahimahullaah pg.36

[2] Recorded by Bukhari

[3] Jaami’ Bayaan al-‘Ilm by Ibn Abdul-Barr (463H) Rahimahullaah Vol.2 pg.91

[4] Al-Mawdoo’at al-Kubra by Ibn al-Jawzi (597H) Rahimahullaah Vol.1 pg.457

[5] Ibn Asakir

[6] Shu’abul- Imaan by al-Bayhaqi (458H)

[7] Ibn Khuzaymah

[8] Al-Mustadarak by al-Haakim (d.405H) Rahimahullaah Vol.2 pg.615

[9] Tanzeeh ash-Shari’a al-Marfu’a by ibn ’Iraqi (d.963H) Rahimahullaah Vol.2 pg.30

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One thought on “The Science of Hadeeth By Shaykh Saalih al-‘Uthaymeen (Part 12)

  1. Pingback: The Science of Hadeeth By Shaykh Saalih al-‘Uthaymeen (Part 12) | SERAAT-E-MUSTAQEEM

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