Authentic Narrations On Places and Times Where Du’a’ Is More Likely to be Answered

There are many times and places where du’a’ is answered. There follows a summary thereof:

  • Laylat al-Qadar. It was narrated that ‘Aa’ishah asked the Prophet (ﷺ): “If I know what night is Laylat al-Qadar, what should I say during it?” He said: “Say: Allaahumma innaka ‘afuwwan tuhibb ul-‘afwa fa’fu ‘anni (O Allaah, You are forgiving and love forgiveness, so forgive me).”[1]

  • Du’a’ in the depths of the night, the time before dawn, the time when Allaah descends to bestow His bounty upon His slaves, to meet their needs and to relieve their distress, when He says: “Who will call upon Me, that I may answer Him? Who will ask of Me, that I may give him? Who will seek My forgiveness, that I may forgive him?”[2]
  • Following the prescribed prayers. According to the hadeeth of Abu Umaamah, it was said: “O Messenger of Allaah, which du’a’ is heard?” He said: “In the last third of the night, and following the prescribed prayers.”[3]

There was some difference of scholarly opinion concerning the phrase dabr al-salawaat al-maktoobah (“following the prescribed prayers”) – does it mean before the salaam or afterwards?

Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah and his student Ibn al-Qayyim were of the view that it is before the salaam. Ibn Taymiyyah said: “The word dabr refers to something that is part of a thing, like dabr al-haywaan (the hindquarters of an animal).”[4]

  • Between the adhaan and the iqaamah. It is narrated in a sahih report that the Prophet (ﷺ) said: “A du’a’ offered between the adhaan and iqaamah is not rejected.”[5]
  • When the call for the prescribed prayers is given and when the ranks are drawn up for battle, as it says in the Marfoo’ hadeeth of Sahl ibn Sa’d: “There are two that will not be rejected, or will rarely be rejected: du’a’ at the time of the call for prayer and at the time of battle when the fighting begins.”[6]
  • When rain falls, as it said in the hadeeth of Sahl ibn Sa’d that is attributed to the Prophet (ﷺ): “There are two which will not be rejected: du’a’ at the time of the call (to prayer) and when it is raining.”[7]
  • At a certain time of the night, as the Prophet (ﷺ) said: “During the night there is a time when the Muslim does not ask for the good of this world and the Hereafter but it will be given to him, and that happens every night.”[8]
  • A certain time on Friday. The Messenger of Allaah (ﷺ) mentioned Friday and said: “During it there is a time when a Muslim slave does not stand and pray and ask Allaah for something, but He will give it to him,” and he gestured with his hand to indicate how short that time is.[9]
  • When drinking Zamzam water. It was narrated from Jaabir that the Prophet (ﷺ) said: “Zamzam water is for that for which it is drunk.”[10]
  • When prostrating. The Prophet (ﷺ) said: “The closest that a person is to his Lord is when he is prostrating, so say a great deal of du’aa’ then.[11]
  • When hearing the crowing of a rooster, because of the hadeeth: Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “When you hear the crowing of cocks, ask for Allah’s Blessings for (their crowing indicates that) they have seen an angel. And when you hear the braying of donkeys, seek Refuge with Allah from Satan for (their braying indicates) that they have seen a Satan.” [12]
  • When saying the du’a’, “Laa ilaaha illa anta, subhaanaka, inni kuntu min al-zaalimeen ([none has the right to be worshipped but You (O Allaah)], Glorified (and Exalted) be You [above all that (evil) they associate with You]! Truly, I have been of the wrongdoers]).”[13]

It was narrated in a hadeeth that the Prophet (ﷺ) said: “The prayer of Dhu’l-Noon (Yoonus) which he said when he was in the belly of the whale: ‘Laa ilaaha illa anta, subhaanaka, inni kuntu min al-zaalimeen ([none has the right to be worshipped but You (O Allaah)], Glorified (and Exalted) be You [above all that (evil) they associate with You]! Truly, I have been of the wrongdoers.’ No Muslim recites this du’a’ concerning any matter but Allaah will answer him.”[14]

Allah says: “So We answered his call, and delivered him from the distress. And thus We do deliver the believers (who believe in the Oneness of Allaah, abstain from evil and work righteousness).”[15]

Imam Al-Qurtubi said:  In this verse, Allaah stipulates that whoever calls upon Him, He will answer him as He answered and saved Dhu’l-Noon (Yoonus). This is what is meant by the words “And thus We do deliver the believers.”[16]

  • If a calamity befalls him and he says, Inna Lillaahi wa inna ilayhi raaji’oon, Allaahumma ujurni fi museebati w’ukhluf li khayran minha (Truly, to Allaah we belong and truly, to Him we shall return; O Allaah, reward me in this calamity and compensate me with something better than it).

It was narrated that Umm Salamah said: I heard the Messenger of Allaah (ﷺ) say: “There is no calamity that befalls one of the Muslims and he responds by saying ‘Innaa Lillaahi wa innaa ilahi raaji’oon, Allaahumma ujurni fi museebati w’ukhluf li khayran minha (Truly, to Allaah we belong and truly, to Him we shall return; O Allaah, reward me in this calamity and compensate me with something better than it),’ but Allaah will compensate him with something better than it.”[17] 

  • The prayer of people after the soul of the deceased has been taken. According to the hadeeth, the Prophet (ﷺ) entered upon Abu Salamah (after he had died) and his eyes were open. He closed them and said: “When the soul is taken, the gaze follows it.” Some of his family got upset and he said: “Do not pray for anything but good for yourselves, for the angels say Ameen to whatever you say.”[18]
  • Du’a’ for one who is sick. It was narrated that Umm Salamah said: The Messenger of Allaah (ﷺ) said: “When you visit a sick person, say good things, for the angels say Ameen to whatever you say…” When Abu Salamah died, I came to the Messenger of Allaah (ﷺ) and said: “Abu Salamah has died.” He said: “Say: O Allaah, forgive me and him, and compensate me well.” She said: I said: And Allaah compensated me with one who was better for me than him: Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). [19]
  • The prayer of the one who has been wronged. The Prophet (ﷺ): “Fear the prayer of the one who has been wronged, for there is no barrier between it and Allaah.”[20]

The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: “Fear the prayer of the oppressed, even if he is a disbeliever, for there is no barrier (between it and Allah).”[21]

Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah said: “All of mankind, both believers and disbelievers, ask of Allah and Allah may answer the supplication of the disbeliever. If the disbelievers ask Allah for provision, He grants them provision and water. If harm touches them at sea, they will turn to no one except Him. Then when He brings them safely to land, they turn away and man is ever ungrateful.”[22]

  • The du’a’ of a father for his child – i.e., for his benefit – and the du’a’ of a fasting person during the day of his fast, and the prayer of the traveller. It was narrated in a sahih report that our Prophet (ﷺ) said: “There are three prayers that are not rejected: the prayer of a father for his child, the prayer of the fasting person and the prayer of the traveller.”[23]
  • The prayer of a father against his child – i.e., to harm him. The Prophet (ﷺ) said: “There are three prayers that will be answered: the prayer of one who has been wronged, the prayer of a traveller, and the prayer of a father against his child.”[24]
  • The du’a’ of a righteous person for his parents. as stated in the hadeeth narrated by Muslim (1631) The Prophet (ﷺ) said: “When the son of Adam dies, all his good deeds come to an end except three: ongoing charity, a righteous son who will pray for him, or beneficial knowledge.[25]
  • Du’a’ after the sun has passed its zenith and before Zuhr. It was narrated from ‘Abd-Allaah ibn al-Saa’ib that the Messenger of Allaah (ﷺ) used to pray four rak’ahs after the sun had passed its zenith and before Zuhr, and he said: “This is a time when the gates of heaven are opened and I want a good deed of mine to ascend during this time.”[26]
  • Du’a’ when going to bed at night, and saying the du’aa’ that was narrated for that time. The Prophet (ﷺ) said: “Whoever goes to bed at night and says Laa ilaaha ill-Allaah wa Allaahu akbar wa laa hawla wa laa quwwata illa Billaah (There is no god but Allaah and Allaah is Most Great and there is no power and no strength except with Allaah), then he says: Allaahumma ighfir li (O Allaah, forgive me), or he makes du’aa’, his prayer will be answered, and if he does wudoo’ and prays, his prayer will be accepted.”[27]

References: 

[1] Sahih: Recorded in Sahih Bukhari

[2] Sahih: Recorded in Sahih Bukhari, 1145.

[3] Sahih: Recorded in Sunan Tirmidhi, 3499. Graded as Hasan by sheikh albani in Sahih al-Tirmidhi.

[4] Taken from Zaad al-Ma’aad, 1.305.

[5] Sahih: Recorded in Sunan Abu Dawud (521) and Sunan Tirmidhi (212). Graded as Sahih by al-Albaani in Sahih al-Jaami’, 2408.

[6] Sahih: Recorded in Sunan Abu Dawud. Graded as Sahih by al-Albaani in Sahih al-Jaami’, 3079.

[7] Sahih: Recorded in Sunan Abu Dawud. Graded as Sahih by al-Albaani in Sahih al-Jaami’ 3078.

[8] Sahih: Recorded in Sahih Muslim, 757

[9] Sahih: Recorded in Sahih Bukhari, 935 and Sahih Muslim, 852.

[10] Sahih:  Recorded in the Musnad of Imam Ahmad. Graded as Sahih by sheikh albani in Sahih al-Jaami’, 5502.

[11] Sahih: Recorded in Sahih Muslim, 482

[12] Sahih: Recorded in Sahih al-Bukhari, 3303

[13] Qur’an: Surah al-Anbiya’ :87

[14] Sahih: Recorded in Sunan Tirmidhi. Graded as Sahih by sheikh albani in Sahih al-Jaami’, 3383.

[15] Qur’an: Surah al-Anbiya’ :87-88

[16] Taken from Al-Jaami’ li Ahkaam il-Qur’aan, 11/334.

[17] Sahih: Recorded in Sahih Muslim, 918

[18] Sahih: Recorded in Sahih Muslim, 2732.

[19] Sahih: Recorded in Sahih Muslim, 919.

[20] Sahih: Recorded in Sahih Bukhari, 469 and Sahih Muslim, 19.

[21] Hasan: Recorded in Musnad Ahmad, 12140. Graded as Hasan by sheikh albani in Saheeh at-Targheeb wa’t-Tarheeb, 2231

[22] Majmou‘ al-Fataawa, 1/206

[23] Sahih: Recorded in Sunan al-Bayhaqi. Graded Sahih by sheikh albani in Sahih al-Jaami’, 2032 and as-Saheehah, 1797.

[24] Sahih: Recorded in Sunan Tirmidhi, 1905. Graded as Sahih by sheikh albani in al-Adab al-Mufrad, 372.

[25] Sahih: Recorded in Sahih Muslim, 1631

[26] Sahih: Recorded in Sunan Tirmidhi. Graded as Sahih. See Takhreej al-Mishkaat, 1/337.

[27] Sahih: Recorded in Sahih Bukhari, 1154.

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