The Explanation of Shama’il Muhammadiyyah (ﷺ) of Imam Tirmidhi (Part 1)

New Series on the Explanation of Shama’il Muhammadiyyah (ﷺ) of Imam Tirmidhi (Part 1) –
A Commentary on the Book On The Appearance of the Prophet Muhammed (ﷺ) Authored by Imam Tirmidhi – Notes Taken From The Explanation Given By Shaykh Abdur Razzaq Ibn Abdul Muhsin Al-Badr

The Noble Features of the Messenger of Allah ()

Explanation:

Shaykh Abdul Razzaq al-Badr said: “With no doubt, Allah lavished our Prophet (ﷺ) with a perfect appearance and endowed him with the most beautiful physical attributes and characteristics. Shaykhul Islam ibn Taymiyyah said, ‘He (the Prophet ﷺ) enjoyed the best stature and appearance, indicating his perfection.[1]

1 – Anas reports: “The Prophet (ﷺ) was neither tall nor was he short (he was of medium stature). In complexion, he was neither very white like lime, nor very dark, nor brown which results in darkness (he was illuminate, more luminous than even the full-moon on the 14th night).The hair of Rasullullah (ﷺ) was neither very straight nor very curly (but slightly wavy). When he attained the age of forty, Allah the Almighty granted him prophet hood. He lived for ten years in Makkah and in Madina for ten years. When he died, he was sixty years old and had (approximately) twenty white hair on his blessed head and beard.”[2]

Explanation:

Shaykh Abdul Razzaq al-Badr said: “The Prophet (ﷺ) was neither tall nor was he short” – The Prophet (ﷺ) was more fitting to be described as tall than short, as it has been explicitly stated in other (authentic) narrations. This is noted in the choice of words that Anas ibn Malik used to describe the height of the of the Prophet (ﷺ) i.e. he did not use the equivalent antonym of “short” when he negated both attributes; rather, he used the ascription “too tall” to explain that he ﷺ was tall but not to the point where his height exceeded normal or proper limits.

“He lived for ten years in Makkah” – this is to specify the length of the period he stayed after receiving the revelation. However, some other narrations stated that he stayed in Makkah for thirteen years. To reconcile between the two statements, it can be asserted that the mention of ten years refers to the period after the public proclamation of his message, and the other three years refer to the period he kept this news hidden from others. Another reconciliation to present is that, the ten years refer to the period he stayed in Makkah from the day that Surah al-Muddathir was revealed to him wherein he was commanded to warn people and the other three years refer to the years preceding the aforesaid command. It can even be argued that the narrator counted the age by tens and so he rounded the cardinal number; hence he also omitted the numbers above sixty from the age of the Prophet (ﷺ) (as Arabs customarily do).

“When he died, he was sixty years old” – as it is established in the authentic narrations that the Prophet (ﷺ) passed away at the age of sixty three, it becomes clear that the narrators chose to count by tens and hence omitted the three years from the earlier part.

 

2 – Anas bin Malik reports, “The Prophet (ﷺ) was of a medium stature, he was neither very tall nor very short. He was very handsome, of medium built and his hair was neither very curly nor very straight (but was slightly wavy). He had a wheat-coloured complexion. When he walked, he leaned forward slightly”.[3]

Explanation:

Shaykh Abdul Razzaq al-Badr said: It is noted that in the previous narration, Anas ibn Malik stated that the skin tone of the Prophet (ﷺ) was not blown. This caused some scholars to believe that this part (“He had a tanned complexion”) is not authentic because it was only reported from one person, while the rest of the narrators who reported this from Anas stated that, “He had a rosy complexion”.

References:

[1] Taken from al-Jawab as-Sahih, 5/438

[2] Sahih: Recorded By Bukhari, 5900 and Muslim, 2347

[3] Sahih: Recorded by Tirmidhi, 1754

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s