The Foundations of the Sunnah of Imam al-Humaydi (d219H)

Imam Abu Bakr Abdullah ibn az-Zubayr al-Humaydi (d219H)

He is Abdullah ibn az-Zubayr ibn Isa ibn Ubayd-Allah ibn Usaamah, Abu Bakr, al-Qurashi al-Asadi al-Humaydi al-Makki, Shaykh of the Haraam, and the author of al-Musnad.

He narrated Hadith from Fudayl ibn Iyyad and Sufyan ibn Uyaynah -and he did so with frequency and he excelled- and Waki and ash-Shafi’i, and others.

Imam Bukhari narrated the first Hadith in his Sahih from him. His students also include adh-Dhuhli, Abu Zur’ah ar-Razi, Abu Haatim ar-Razi, Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Idris al-Makki, his scribe, and many besides them.

Imam Ahmed ibn Hanbal said: “We consider Humaydi an imam.” Abu Hatim said: “The most reliable of people (in narrating) from ibn Uyaynah is al-Humaydi. He is the head of his companions (students), and he is a reliable Imam.” Ya’qub al-Fasawi said: “We narrated from al-Humaydi and I did not meet anyone more sincere to Islam and its people than him.” Hakim said: “When Bukhari would find a Hadith with al-Humaydi, he would not go beyond it to others.” Harb al-Kirmani, al-Lalaka’i, ibn Taymiyyah, and others described him as an Imam in the Sunnah.

His writings are: al-Musnad, ar-Radd Ala an-Nu’man, at-Tafsir and ad-Dala’il.

He died in the year of 219H. May Allah show mercy on his soul.

The Foundations of the Sunnah

Bishr ibn Musa narrated to us, saying: al-Humaydi narrated to us, saying:

Belief in the Divine Decree

The Sunnah, in our view: is that a man must believe in the Decree, the good of it and the bad of it, the sweetness of it, and the bitterness of it, and to know that what what befalls would not have missed him, and what missed him would never have touched him. And that all of that is decreed by Allah (azza wa jall).

Belief is Speech and Action, It Increases and Decreases

And that belief is speech and action. It increases and decreases. Speech does not benefit without action, nor do action or speech benefit without (proper) intention, nor do speech, action, or intention benefit except with the Sunnah.

Praising the Sahabah, may Allah be pleased with them all

Invoking mercy upon all of the companions of Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam), for Allah (azza wa jall) said: “And those who come after them say O our Rabb! Forgive our brethren they were our predecessors in faith.” (al-Hashr 49/10). Thus, one will not have belief except by seeking forgiveness for them. Whoever insults or belittles them or even a single one of them, then he is not upon the Sunnah. And he has no right in the fay (spoils). More than one has informed us: from Malik ibn Anas that he said: “Allah Ta’ala, divided the fay between the poor emigrants, those who were driven out of their homes” and then said: “and those who come after them say oh our Lord forgive us and our brethren.” (al-Hashr 49/8-10). And whoever does not say this concerning them, then he is not from those for whom there is fay.

The Qur’an is the Speech of Allah The Exalted

The Qur’an is the speech of Allah. I heard Sufyan (ibn Uyaynah) saying: “The Qur’an is the speech of Allah, and whoever says it is created is an innovator. And we have not heard anyone saying this.”

The View of Sufyan regarding Iman

I heard Sufyan saying: “Iman is speech and action, it increases and decreases.” His brother Ibrahim ibn Uyaynah said to him: “O Abu Muhammad! Do not say that it decreases. So he got mad and said: Be quiet o fool, rather it decreases until there is nothing left of it.”

The Believers seeing their Lord on the Day of Judgement

And affirmation of ar-Ru’yah (seeing Allah) after death.

Affirming the Attributes

And (affirming) what is stated in the Qur’an and the Hadith such as: “The Jews say Allah’s Hand is tied up.” (al-Maidah 5/64). And such as: “And the heavens will be rolled up in His Right Hand.” (az-Zumar 39/67) And what is similar to this from the Qur’an and the Hadith. We do not add to it nor explain it. We stop where the Qur’an and Sunnah stop, and we say: “The Most Merciful rose over the Throne.” (Ta-Ha 20/5) And whoever claims other than this is a Jahmi and a denier of Allah’s Attributes.

The difference between Ahlu’s-Sunnah and the Khawaarij

And that we do not say as the Khawaarij do: “Whoever commits a major sin has committed disbelief.” And we do not declare a person a disbeliever because of a sin that they commit. Kufr is only in abandoning the five concerning which Rasulullah (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: “Islam is built upon five: Bearing witness that there is no god but Allah and Muhammad is Allah’s Messenger, to establish prayer, to give zakat, to fast in Ramadan, and to make Hajj to the house (Ka’bah).”

When is the proof established on the one who leaves the pillars of Islam, or some of them?

As for three of them, then do not dispute the one who abandons them: The one who does not give the testimony of faith; nor does he pray; nor does he fast for none of these are delayed from its time nor does it suffice one to make them up after deliberately neglecting to perform them at their time. As for zakaah, whenever he gives it, it suffices him, while he is sinful in withholding it. And as for Hajj, then for whoever it is obligatory and he is capable of performing it, then it becomes binding on him, but it is not binding on him in that very year such that he is no other choice. Whenever, he performs it, then he has fulfilled it, and he is not sinful in delaying it as he would be in delaying zakaah for zakaah is the right of poor Muslims which he has withheld from them, and hence he is sinful until it reaches them. As for Hajj, it is between him and his Lord, whenever he performs it, it is fulfilled. If he dies while he is able to perform it without having performed Hajj, he asks to be returned to the Dunya to perform Hajj, and it is obligatory on his family to perform Hajj on his behalf, and we hope that would fulfill it on his behalf, as if he had a debt and it was repaid on his behalf after he died.

End of the Risalah and all praise is due to Allah, Lord of the Worlds.


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