Fiqh: Sunnah Acts of Wudû By Shaykh Dr Muhammad Luqman As-Salafi (Principle at the University of Ibn Taymiyyah in India)
- Saying Bismillah:
It was narrated that Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) said: “Some of the Companions of the Prophet (May peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) were looking for (water for) wudu. The Messenger of Allah said ‘Do any of you have water?’ He put his hand in the water and said: ‘Perform Wudu in the Name of Allah.’ I saw the water coming out from between his fingers until they had all performed Wudu. Thaabit said: “I said to Anas: ‘How many did you see?’ He said: ‘About seventy.’”
Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, “If I did not fear to cause hardship to my Ummah I would have ordered them to use the Siwaak with every Wudu.”
- Washing the hands 3x before Wudû:
Humran, the freed slave of ‘Uthman, said: Uthman b. ‘Affan called for ablution water and this is how he performed the ablution. He washed his hands thrice. He then rinsed his mouth and cleaned his nose with water (three times). He then washed his face three times, then washed his right arm up to the elbow three times, then washed his left arm like that, then wiped his head; then washed his right foot up to the ankle three times, then washed his left foot like that, and then said: I saw the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) perform ablution like this ablution of mine. Then the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: He who performs ablution like this ablution of mine and then stood up (for prayer) and offered two rak’ahs of prayer without allowing his thoughts to be distracted, all his previous sins are expiated. Ibn Shihab said: Our scholars remarked: This is the most complete of the ablutions performed for prayer.
- Washing the mouth and nose three times with one handful each:
Narrated ‘Amr bin Yahya on the authority of his father: ‘Abdullah bin Zaid poured water on his hands from a utensil containing water and washed them and, then, with one handful of water he rinsed his mouth and cleaned his nose by putting water in it and then blowing it out. He repeated it thrice….”
- Putting wet fingers through the beard:
‘Uthman bin Affan narrated that: the Prophet would go through his beard.”
(Meaning he would put his fingers through his beard)
- Washing between the fingers:
Narrated Laqit bin Sabra: Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said: “Perform a perfect Wudu run (your fingers) through the fingers of the hands and the toes, and if not fasting, sniff water up well inside the nose”.
- Washing the the face, hands and feet 3x:
Narrated Humran: (the slave of ‘Uthman) I saw ‘Uthman bin ‘Affan asking for a tumbler of water (and when it was brought) he poured water over his hands and washed them thrice and then put his right hand in the water container and rinsed his mouth, washed his nose by putting water in it and then blowing it out. then he washed his face and forearms up to the elbows thrice, passed his wet hands over his head and washed his feet up to the ankles thrice. Then he said, “Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said ‘If anyone performs ablution like that of mine and offers a two-rak’at prayer during which he does not think of anything else (not related to the present prayer) then his past sins will be forgiven.’ “
- Starting from the right when making Wudu:
Narrated `Aisha: The Prophet (ﷺ) used to like starting from the right in performing ablution, combing his hair and putting on his shoes.
- Rubbing (the limbs when making Wudû):
- Lengthening the Ghurrah and Tahjeel in the washing of the parts of Wudu (like washing the arms and lengthening the washing over the elbows up to the shoulders):
Nu’aim b. ‘Abdallah reported: He saw Abu Huraira perform ablution. He washed his face and washed his hands up to the arms. He then washed his feet and reached up to the shanks and then said: I heard Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) say: My people would come with bright faces and bright hands and feet on account of the marks of ablution, so he who can increase the lustre of his forehead (and that of his hands and legs) should do so.
Abu Hazim reported: I was (standing) behind Abu Huraira and he was performing the ablution for prayer. He extended the (washing) of his hand that it went up to his armpit. I said to him: O Abu Huraira, what is this ablution? He said: O of the tribe of Faruukh, you are here; if I knew that you were here, I would have never performed ablution like this; I have heard my Friend (ﷺ) say. In a believer adornment would reach the places where ablution reaches.
- Saying the shahaadah and supplications after completing Wudû:
Narrated ‘Umar: Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said: “If one after performing ablution completely recites the following supplication: (Ash-hadu an la ilaha ill-Allahu wahdahu la sharika lahu, wa ash hadu anna Muhammadan ‘abduhu wa Rasuluhu) ‘I testify that there is no one worthy of worship but Allah, He is Alone and has no partner and Muhammad (ﷺ) is his slave and Messenger’, all the eight gates of Paradise will be opened for him and he may enter through any gate he wishes”.
 Sahih: Recorded by Nasa’i, 78. Graded Sahih by Imam ibn Khuzaymah 144
 Sahih: Recorded by Ahmad in his Musnad, graded Sahih by sheikh albani in Sahih al-Jami, no. 5416
 Sahih: Recorded by Bukhari, 164 and Muslim, 226
 Sahih: Recorded by Bukhari, 191
 Sahih: Recorded by Tirmidhi, 31 and he graded it Hasan Sahih, also in Sahih Ibn Hibban, 1081, Haakim in Mustadarak, 1/149 and Ibn Majah, 430.
 Sahih: Recorded by Tirmidhi, 49, Ahmad, 287 and Ibn Majah, 447. Graded Sahih by Ibn Khuzaymah, 150.
 Sahih: Recorded by Bukhari, 159
 Sahih: Recorded by Bukhari, 5854
 A Mudd is equivalent to what a person with average sized hands holds with his hands cupped together.
 Sahih: Recorded by Ibn Khuzaymah in hi Sahih, 118
 Ghurrah is brightness in the face while At-Tahjeel is brightness in the hands, arms and legs and thus the radiance covers the parts of ablution on the Day of Resurrection is called Ghurrah and Tahjeel.
 Sahih: Recorded by Muslim, 246
 Sahih: Recorded by Muslim, 250
 Sahih: Recorded by Muslim, 234