Authentic Narrations Related To The Night Prayer (Qiyaamul Layl)

1 –  Jabir bin Abdullah رضي الله عنه narrated that the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم said (relating what Jibreel said when he came to him):

“…and know that sharaf (honour and nobility) of the believer lies in his qiyamul layl (standing in the night in prayer), and his ‘izzah (dignified greatness) lies in being needless (and independent) from the people.” 

[Al-Hakim, 3289, Tabarani, 4278 and Bayhaqi – graded as hasan by al-Mundhiri in ‘At-Targheeb’, 2/43′ al-Haythami in ‘Majma’ az-Zawa’id’, 10/222; and al-Albani in ‘Saheeh al-Jaami’, 73 (see also ‘Silsilat as-Saheehah’, 831)]

2 – Abu Hurayrah رضي الله عنه narrated that the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم said: “The best of fasting after Ramadan is the month of Allah, Muharram, and the best of salah after the obligatory salah, is the salah of the night.”

[Saheeh Muslim, 1163]

3 – Amr bin Absa رضي الله عنه narrated that the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم said: “The closest a slave comes to his Rabb is during the depth of the latter part of the night. So if you can be among those who remember Allah at that time (period), then do so.” 

[Tirmidhi, 3579 who graded it as hasan saheeh (see also ‘Saheeh al-Jaami’, 1173)]

4 – Abdullah bin Salaam رضي الله عنه narrated that the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم said: “O people, spread the salaam, and give food, and pray at night when the people are sleeping; you will enter Paradise in peace (and safety).”

[Ibn Majah, 1105 and Tirmidhi, 2485, who graded it saheeh]

5 – Suhayb bin Sinan رضي الله عنه narrated that the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said: “The voluntary salah of a man (performed) where people are unable to see him, outweighs the salah (performed) where people are able to see him by twenty-five degrees.” 

[Musnad Abi Ya’la, and attributed to him by Ibn Hajar in ‘Mutaalib al-Aaliyah’, 4/534; see also ‘Ikmal al-Ikmal’, 3/337 – graded as saheeh by al-Albani in ‘Saheeh al-Jaami’, 3821]

6 – Abu Hurayrah رضي الله عنه narrated that the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم said: “Every night our Rabb تبارك وتعالى Descends to the samaa’ of the dunya in the last third of the night and Asks: ‘Who will call upon Me, so that I may answer him? Who will ask of Me, so that I may grant him? Who will seek My Forgiveness, so that I may forgive him?'”

[Bukhari and Muslim]

7 – Abdullah bin ‘Amr رضي الله عنه narrated that the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم said: “Whoever stands (in prayer) reciting ten Ayaat will not be recorded as one of the ghaafileen (negligent). Whoever stands (in prayer) reciting one hundred Ayaat will be recorded as one of the qaaniteen (firmly devout). Whoever stands (in prayer) reciting one thousand Ayaat will be recorded as one of the muqantireen [those who will be given a qintaar* as reward].”

[Abi Da’wud, 1398 – graded as hasan by Ibn Hajar in ‘Nata’ij al-Afkar’, 3/253; and saheeh by al-Albani in ‘Saheeh Abi Da’wud’, 1398 (see also ‘Saheeh al-Jaami’, 6439)]

8 – Abu Umaamah رضي الله عنه narrated that the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم said: “Upon you is (to perform) qiyamul layl, for it is the habit of the righteous before you. And it will bring you closer to your Rabb, and expiate for bad deeds, and prevent sin.” 

[Tirmidhi, 3549 – graded as hasan by al-Baghawi in ‘Sharh as-Sunnah’, 2/458; al-Albani in ‘Saheeh ibn Khuzaymah’, 1135 (see also ‘Irwa’ al-Ghaleel’, 452)]

9 – Ibn Umar رضي الله عنه narrated that the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم said: “If the companion of the Qur’an (i.e. one memorising it) recites it by night and by day, then it won’t be forgotten (or he won’t be forgetful of it).”

[ Muslim, 789]

10 –  Abu Darda’ رضي الله عنه narrated that the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم said: “Whoever went to bed intending to (get up and) pray in the night and was overcome by sleep, it will be written for him what he intended. And his sleep becomes charity for him from his Rabb ‘aza wa jal.” 

[An-Nasa’i, 1775 – graded as saheeh (upon the condition of Muslim) by an-Nawawi in his ‘Majmu’, 4/47; al-Albani in ‘Saheeh ibn Majah’, 1113 and ‘Saheeh ibn Khuzaymah’, 1172 and others]

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