Sunan of Eid

Sunan of Eid:
1 – Doing ghusl before going out to the prayer.

It was narrated in a saheeh hadeeth in al-Muwatta’ and elsewhere that ‘Abd-Allaah ibn ‘Umar used to do ghusl on the day of al-Fitr before going out to the prayer-place in the morning.
{Al-Muwatta’}

Al- Nawawi (may Allaah have mercy on him) said that the Muslims were unanimously agreed that it is mustahab to do ghusl for Eid prayer.

The reason why it is mustahabb is the same reason as that for doing ghusl before Jumu’ah and other public gatherings. Rather on Eid the reason is even stronger.

2 – Eating before going out to pray on Eid al-Fitr

Anas ibn Maalik said that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used not to go out on the morning of Eid al-Fitr until he had eaten some dates… of which he would eat an odd number.
{Al-Bukhaari}

Ibn Hajar (may Allaah have mercy on him) suggested that the reason for that was so as to ward off the possibility of adding to the fast, and to hasten to obey the command of Allaah.
{Al-Fath}

3 – Adorning oneself on the occasion of Eid.

It was narrated that ‘Abd-Allaah ibn ‘Umar (may Allaah be pleased with him) said that ‘Umar took a brocade cloak that was for sale in the market and brought it to the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), and said, “O Messenger of Allaah, buy this and adorn yourself with it for Eid and for receiving the delegations.” The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said to him, “Rather this is the dress of one who has no share (of piety or of reward in the Hereafter)…”
{Narrated by al-Bukhaari}

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) agreed with ‘Umar on the idea of adorning oneself for Eid, but he refused the cloak because it was made of silk.

It was narrated that Jaabir (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) had a cloak which he would wear on the two Eids and on Fridays.
{Saheeh Ibn Khuzaymah}

Ibn ‘Abbas said: “The Messenger of Allaah (Peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to wear a green cloak on the day of ‘Eid”
{Narrated by Al-Tabari in Al-Aswat}

Al-Haythami stated in Majma’ Al-Zawaa-id that its narrators are all trustworthy. Shaykh Al-Albaani also said its chain is good (jayyid) in Silsilat Al-Ahaadeeth Al-Saheehah

Al-Bayhaqi narrated with a saheeh isnaad that Ibn ‘Umar used to wear his best clothes on Eid.

With regard to women, they should avoid adorning themselves when they go out for Eid, because they are forbidden to show off their adornments to non-mahram men. It is also haraam for a woman who wants to go out to put on perfume or to expose men to temptation, because they are only going out for the purpose of worship.

4 – Takbeer on the day of Eid

This is one of the greatest Sunnahs on the day of Eid because Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“(He wants that you) must complete the same number (of days), and that you must magnify Allaah [i.e. to say Takbeer (Allaahu Akbar: Allaah is the Most Great)] for having guided you so that you may be grateful to Him”
{Al-Baqarah 2:185}

It was narrated in a saheeh report that ‘Abd al-Rahmaan al-Sulami said, “They emphasized it more on the day of al-Fitr than the day of al-Adha.” Wakee’ said, this refers to the takbeer.
{Irwa’ al-Ghaleel}

Al-Daaraqutni and others narrated that on the morning of Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha, Ibn ‘Umar would strive hard in reciting takbeer until he came to the prayer place, then he would recite takbeer until the imam came out.

Ibn Abi Shaybah narrated with a saheeh isnaad that al-Zuhri said: The people used to recite Takbeer on Eid when they came out of their houses until they came to the prayer place, and until the imam came out. When the imam came out they fell silent, and when he said takbeer they said takbeer.
{Irwa’ al-Ghaleel}

Saying takbeer when coming out of one’s house to the prayer place and until the imam came out was something that was well known among the salaf (early generations). This has been narrated by a number of scholars such as Ibn Abi Shaybah, ‘Abd Al-Razzaaq and al-Firyaabi in Ahkaam Al-Eidayn from a group of the salaf. For example, Naafi’ ibn Jubayr used to recite takbeer and was astonished that the people did not do so, and he said, “Why do you not recite takbeer?”

Ibn Shihaab al-Zuhri (may Allaah have mercy on him) used to say, “The people used to recite takbeer from the time they came out of their houses until the imam came in.”

The time for takbeer on Eid al-Fitr starts from the night before Eid until the imam enters to lead the Eid prayer.

Description of the takbeer:

It was narrated in the Musannaf of Ibn Abi Shaybah with a saheeh isnaad from Ibn Mas’ood (may Allaah be pleased with him) that he used to recite takbeer during the days of tashreeq:

{الله أكبر الله أكبر لا إله إلا الله والله أكبر الله أكبر ولله الحمد

Allaahu akbar, Allaahu akbar, laa ilaaha ill-Allaah, wa-Allaahu akbar, Allaah akbar, wa Lillaah il-hamd

Allaah is Most Great, Allaah is most Great, there is no god but Allaah, Allaah is Most great, Allaah is most great, and to Allaah be praise.}

It was also narrated elsewhere by Ibn Abi Shaybah with the same isnaad, but with the phrase “Allaahu akbar” repeated three times.

Al-Mahaamili narrated with a saheeh isnaad also from Ibn Mas’ood:

{الله أكبر كبيرا الله أكبر كبيرا الله أكبر وأجل الله أكبر ولله الحمد

Allaahu akbaru kabeera, Allaahu akbaru kabeera, Allaahu akbar wa ajallu, Allaahu akbar wa Lillaah il-hamd

Allaah is Most Great indeed, Allaah is Most Great indeed, Allaah is most Great and Glorified, Allaah is Most Great and to Allaah be praise}
{Al-Irwa’ Al-Ghaleel}

And Al-Bayhaqi narrated with a Saheeh isnaad from Ibn ‘Abbas:

{الله أكبر الله أكبر الله أكبر ولله الحمد الله أكبر وأجل الله أكبر على ما هدانا

Allaahu akbar, Allaahu akbar, Allaahu akbar wa Lillaah Al-Hamd, Allaahu akbaru wa ajallu Allaahu akbaru ‘alaa ma hadaanaa

Allaah is most Great, Allaah is most Great, Allaah is most Great and to Allaah be praise, Allaah is most Great and Glorified, Allaah is most Great for what he has guided us to.}

There are many other form of takbeer that one may say, as Imam Ahmad and others said, this matter is vast.

5 – Offering congratulations

One may say:

{تقبل الله منا ومنكم

Taqabbala Allaah minna wa minkum

May Allaah accept (good deeds) from us and from you}

Or;
“عيد مبارك”
Eid mubaarak and other permissible expressions of congratulations.

It was narrated that Jubayr ibn Nufayr said: When the companions of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) met one another on the day of Eid, they would say to one another, “May Allaah accept (good deeds) from us and from you.”

Ibn Hajar said, its isnaad is hasan.
{Al-Fath}

There is evidence which suggests that it is prescribed to offer congratulations and good wishes on special occasions, and that the Sahaabah congratulated one another when good things happened, such as when Allaah accepted the repentance of a man, they went and congratulated him for that, and so on.

6 – Going to the prayer by one route and returning by another.

It was narrated that Jaabir ibn ‘Abd-Allaah (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: On the day of ‘Eid, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to vary his route.
{Al-Bukhaari}

It is said that among the reason why this was done was in order to greet more people to and from the Musalla.

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