How to Perform Wudu (Ablution)
Allah said: “O you who believe! When you intend to offer prayer, wash your faces and your hands (forearms) up to the elbows, rub (by passing wet hands over) your heads, and (wash) your feet up to ankles…”
(Surah Maa’idah: 6)
1 – Before starting it one should intend to enter the state of ritual purity by the actions of the ablution.
2 – Saying Bismillah
3 – Wash hands up to the wrists
4 – Rinse water in your mouth and draw water from your cupped hand into your nose up to the start of the nose bone – three times for each of these actions
5 – Wash your face three times
6 – Starting with the right hand, wash your forearms up to and including the elbows three times.
7 – Wipe your wet hands over your whole head and wipe the inside and back of the ears with the forefingers and thumb.
8 – Wash the feet up to and including the ankles three times each, starting with the right foot.
9 – After completing the aforementioned, say:
“I bear witness that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah Alone and without partners, and I bear witness that Muhammed is His slave and His Messenger.”
Factors Which Nullify Wudu
There are some factors which nullify the ablution and destroy the object of purification like Salah etc. These are the following:
1 – All things coming out of the private parts, front or back, including urine, excrement, and gas: whether it escapes silently or audibly.
2 – The seeping out of Madhi or Wadi.
Madhi is prostatic fluid which seeps out during sexual arousal, before ejaculation.
Wadi is a fluid which seeps out after urination without accompanying sexual arousal.
3 – Deep sleep, the kind where no trace of wakeful consciousness remains; such that if one started out sitting up, he would end up slumping over onto the ground.
4 – A loss of rational consciousness; whether by way of insanity or fainting or drunkenness or sedation.
5 – To touch one’s private parts without an intervening barrier (of cloth etc.).
Factors Which Do Not Nullify Wudu
There are some factors which do not nullify the ablution:
1 – Touching a woman with skin to skin contact.
2 – The flow of blood from anywhere other than the vagina, whether because of a wound or cupping or nose bleed.
3 – Vomit, whether enough to fill the mouth or less.
4 – Being doubtful regarding excretion (of stool, urine, gas etc. from the private parts) after performing wudu. This uncertainty does not require consideration whether one is in prayer or outside it, since certain knowledge cannot be superseded by uncertainty.
5 – Laughing aloud while in prayer does not invalidate Wudu.
6 – To give a bath to a dead person does not require one to perform Wudu afterwards.
Summarised from the book ‘The Pillars of Islam & Iman and What Every Muslim Must Know About His Religion’ By Sheikh Muhammad bin Jamil Zeno (Teacher at Dar-ul-Hadith Al-Khariyyah)