The Path of the Sahabah

The Path of the Sahabah, radhi Allahu ‘anhum.

It is fitting that the way of the best of people should be followed. Allah Ta’aalaa said, paraphrased: {You were the best of nations to arise for mankind; you enjoin goodness, and forbid evil, and you believe in Allah}, [Aal-‘Imran: 110].

Therefore by the Text of the Qur’an, their way lies in: Enjoining goodness, forbidding evil, and believing in Allah.

And the Prophet sallaa Allahu ‘alaihi wa ‘alaa Aalihi wa sallam said: (The best of my Ummah is my generation, then those who come after them, then those who come after them), Sahih Al-Bukhari, Hadith no. 3450.

In fact, we have been ordered to follow their Way.

Allah Ta’aalaa said, paraphrased: {And he who contradicts and opposes the Messenger after the Guidance became clear to him and follows a way other than the Sabil Al-Mu’minin (Path of the Believers), We shall keep him in the path he has chosen, and burn him in Hell, and what an evil destination}, [Al-Nisaa’: 115].

Allah ‘Azza wa Jal said, paraphrased: {Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah; and those with him are severe towards the disbelievers, merciful to one another. You see them in Ruku’ and Sujud, seeking Favor from Allah and His Pleasure}, [Al-Fathh: 29].

The Sahabah radhi Allahu ‘anhum were merciful and lenient towards the Muslims, and they were worshipers, full of Ikhlas, and strove to actualize Tawhid.

Allah Ta’aalaa said, the meaning of which is: {Indeed, the statement of the believers when called to Allah and His Messenger so that they may judge between them is none other than to say: “We hear and we obey”, and they are the successful ones}, [Al-Nur: 51].

The Path of the Sahabah, then, is the path of seeking judgment only in the Qur’an and Hadith and obeying the Qur’an and Hadith once the ruling of an issue has been found in them. Allah ‘Azza wa Jal says, the meaning of which is: {So if you disagree on something, then return it to Allah and the Messenger}, [Al-Nisaa’: 59].

And Allah ‘Azza wa Jal said, the meaning of which is: {O Prophet, enough for you is Allah, and those who follow you among the believers}, [Al-Anfal: 64].

So the path of the Sahabah radhi Allahu ‘anhum is the path of following the Sunnah of the Prophet sallaa Allahu ‘alaihi wa ‘alaa Aalihi wa sallam.

Allah ‘Azza wa Jal said, paraphrased: {Follow what has come down to you from your Lord, and do not follow besides Him Awliya’. Little do you remember}, [Al-A’raaf: 3].

Thus were the Sahabah radhi Allahu ‘anhum ordered to only follow what was sent down to their Prophet sallaa Allahu ‘alaihi wa ‘alaa Aalihi wa sallam: The Qur’an and Sunan, and thus did they abandon all Taqlid.

Marwan Bin Hakam, rahimahu Allah: I witnessed ‘Uthman and ‘Ali radhi Allahu ‘anhumaa, with ‘Uthman prohibiting Tamatu’ in Hajj, and that one combine between Hajj and ‘Umrah, so when he saw ‘Ali (or when ‘Ali saw him), ‘Ali entered into Ihram with them both, saying: “Labbaik bi ‘Umrah wa Hajjah”, and then said: “I will not abandon the Sunnah of the Prophet sallaa Allahu ‘alaihi wa sallam for the saying of anyone”. Sahih Al-Bukhari, Hadith no. 1488.

‘Abd Allah Bin ‘Abbas, radhi Allahu ‘anhumaa: “I am neither a ‘Alawi nor a ‘Uthmani; I am on the Millah of the Messenger of Allah, sallaa Allahu ‘alaihi wa sallam.” Narrated by ‘Abd Al-Razzaq in his Musannaf with similar wording with a Sahih Isnad.

The Sahabah radhi Allahu ‘anhum would begin seeking the rulings of Islam by looking first to the Qur’an and Sunan, contrary to what many people do today, ironically, by looking towards the statements of the Salaf, first. Only after that would the Sahabah radhi Allahu ‘anhum look towards the statements of (all) the scholars among them. This is because in their hearts and minds was the Saying of Allah Ta’aalaa (paraphrased): {So if you disagree on something, then return it to Allah and the Messenger}, [Al-Nisaa’: 59].

‘Umar Bin Al-Khattab, radhi Allahu ‘anhu: “That you judge with the Book of Allah. If you do not find the ruling in the Book of Allah, then the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah sallaa Allahu ‘alaihi wa sallam. If you do not find the ruling in either the Book of Allah nor in the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah sallaa Allahu ‘alaihi wa sallam, then judge with what the Righteous (Al-Salihun) have judged with. But if you do not find the ruling in either the Book of Allah, nor the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah, nor in what the Righteous have judged, then if you wish, step forward (i.e. with your Ijtihad), and if you wish, stay back (i.e. do not do so), and I do not see except that staying back is better for you,” Sunan Al-Nasa’i, Hadith no. 5414, Isnad Sahih.

And they hated opinion and claims not based on any evidence from the Qur’an and Sunan. Allah Ta’aalaa said, paraphrased: {And do not follow that of which you have no knowledge}, [Al-Israa’: 36].

Sahl Bin Hunaif, radhi Allahu ‘anhu: “O people, blame your personal opinions in your Religion,” Sahih Al-Bukhari, Hadith no. 7308.

Ibn Hazm, rahimahu Allah: “And they should know that those who seek the Sunan of the Messenger of Allah sallaa Allahu ‘alaihi wa sallam as they are; those who act on, and seek Fiqh (gain understanding of and) through the Qur’an; they who do not make Taqlid of anyone: It is they who are on the Way of the Sahabah, Tabi’in, and praised generations; and they are the people of Truth in every era, and the majority according to Allah Ta’aalaa without doubt, even if their numbers were few, and with Allah Ta’aalaa is the Success.” Al-Ihkam Fi Usul Al-Ahkam.

Today however we find that those who are the most vocal in calling themselves followers of the Salaf have formed into a group, making Taqlid of a handful (if not less) of men. Though this group of people may possess a lot of good, they also possess much bad. There are other groups and sects in existence today who also have good and bad, each of whom differ with the other.

Put all these people and groups to the side, and follow the following order of your Prophet, sallaa Allahu ‘alaihi wa ‘alaa Aalihi wa sallam.

The Prophet sallaa Allahu ‘alaihi wa ‘alaa Aalihi wa sallam said, paraphrased: (He among you who will live after me will witness much differing, so upon you is my Sunnah, and the Sunnah of the Rightly Guided and Righteous Khulafaa’: Hold on to it, and bite on to it with your molars), Sunan Abi Dawud, Hadith no. 4607, Sahih.

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