Category Archives: Hadith

Types of Evil Speech

Types of Evil Speech

When people mention others they may commit one of these four:

  • Gheebah (Backbiting),
  • Buhtaan (Slandering),
  • Ifk (Rumours), or
  • Nameemah (Gossiping).
  1. Gheebah: Backbiting – is to say what is true about a person.

Allah says:

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اجْتَنِبُوا كَثِيرًا مِّنَ الظَّنِّ إِنَّ بَعْضَ الظَّنِّ إِثْمٌ ۖ وَلَا تَجَسَّسُوا وَلَا يَغْتَب بَّعْضُكُم بَعْضًا ۚ أَيُحِبُّ أَحَدُكُمْ أَن يَأْكُلَ لَحْمَ أَخِيهِ مَيْتًا فَكَرِهْتُمُوهُ ۚ وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ تَوَّابٌ رَّحِيمٌ

“O you who Believe! Avoid much suspicion; Indeed, some suspicions are sins. And spy not, neither backbite one another. Would one of you like to eat the flesh of his dead brother? You would hate it (so hate backbiting). And fear Allaah. Verily, Allaah is the One Who forgives and accepts repentance, Most Merciful.”[1]

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Prohibition of Listening to Backbiting

Prohibition of Listening to Backbiting

Allah, the Exalted, says:

وَإِذَا سَمِعُوا اللَّغْوَ أَعْرَضُوا عَنْهُ وَقَالُوا لَنَا أَعْمَالُنَا وَلَكُمْ أَعْمَالُكُمْ سَلَامٌ عَلَيْكُمْ لَا نَبْتَغِي الْجَاهِلِينَ

“And when they hear Al-Laghw (dirty, false, evil vain talk), they withdraw from it and say: “To us our deeds, and to you your deeds. Peace be to you. We seek not the ignorant.”[1]

And He says:

وَالَّذِينَ هُمْ عَنِ اللَّغْوِ مُعْرِضُونَ

“And those who turn away from Al-Laghw (dirty, false, evil vain talk, falsehood, and all that Allah has forbidden).”[2]

And He says:

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The Path of the Sahabah

The Path of the Sahabah, radhi Allahu ‘anhum.

It is fitting that the way of the best of people should be followed. Allah Ta’aalaa said, paraphrased: {You were the best of nations to arise for mankind; you enjoin goodness, and forbid evil, and you believe in Allah}, [Aal-‘Imran: 110].

Therefore by the Text of the Qur’an, their way lies in: Enjoining goodness, forbidding evil, and believing in Allah.

And the Prophet sallaa Allahu ‘alaihi wa ‘alaa Aalihi wa sallam said: (The best of my Ummah is my generation, then those who come after them, then those who come after them), Sahih Al-Bukhari, Hadith no. 3450.

In fact, we have been ordered to follow their Way.

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The Evidence that the Silence of the Texts on an Issue is its Ruling, i.e. that of Ibahah (Permissibility)

The evidence that the silence of the Texts on an issue is its ruling, i.e. that of Ibahah.

If the Qur’an and Sunnah are “silent” on an issue, meaning: There is no specific Text that mentions that specific issue’s ruling by name, nor a general Text whose general meaning may encompass it, some resort to Qiyas Al-Shabah to seek its ruling, while others conclude that this particular issue’s ruling is that of Ibahah: Allowance (i.e. Halal). The evidence for the latter position is as follows.

The Prophet sallaa Allahu ‘alaihi wa ‘alaa Aalihi wa sallam said, paraphrased: (Leave me with what I have left you with, for indeed those before you were destroyed due to their questioning and differing with their Prophets. Therefore, if I prohibit you from something, then avoid it; and if I order you to do something, do of it what you are able), Sahih Al-Bukhari, Hadith no. 6858.

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Summarised Description of Umrah

مختصر صفة العمرة

Summarised Description of Umrah Based on the Works of Shaykh Abdul Aziz At-Tarefe

First Step: Entering into the State of Ihram

Ihraam means having the intention of starting the rituals of Umrah.

Bathing before entering the state of Ihram is Sunnah.

The one intending to perform Umrah should say:

لبيك عمرة

“Labbayka ‘umratan”

(Here I am for ‘Umrah)

Pronouncing the Talbiyah is Sunnah according to the majority of the scholars.

لَبَّيْكَ اللَّهُمَّ لَبَّيْكَ لَبَّيْكَ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَكَ لَبَّيْكَ إِنَّ الْحَمْدَ وَالنِّعْمَةَ لَكَ وَالْمُلْكَ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَكَ

“Labbayka Allaahumma labbayk, labbayka laa shareeka laka labbayk. Inna al-hamd wa’l-ni’mata laka wa’l-mulk, laa shareeka lak”

“Here I am at Your service. O Allah, here I am at Your service, here I am at Your service. There is no associate with You; here I am at Your service. Verily all praise and grace is due to You, and the sovereignty (too). There is no associate with You.”[1]

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Some Mistakes Made on the Day of Eid

1 – The belief of some that it is prescribed to spend the night of Eid in worship.

Some people believe that it is prescribed to spend the night of Eid in worship. This is a kind of innovation (bid’ah) that is not proven from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). Rather it was narrated in a da’eef (weak) hadeeth which says, “Whoever stays up on the night of Eid, his heart will not die on the day when hearts die.” This hadeeth is not saheeh. It was narrated via two isnaads, one of which is mawdoo’ (fabricated) and the other is da’eef jiddan (very weak). See Silsilat al-Ahaadeeth al-Da’eefah wa’l-Mawdoo’ah by al-Albaani, 520, 521.

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Sunan of Eid

Sunan of Eid:
1 – Doing ghusl before going out to the prayer.

It was narrated in a saheeh hadeeth in al-Muwatta’ and elsewhere that ‘Abd-Allaah ibn ‘Umar used to do ghusl on the day of al-Fitr before going out to the prayer-place in the morning.
{Al-Muwatta’}

Al- Nawawi (may Allaah have mercy on him) said that the Muslims were unanimously agreed that it is mustahab to do ghusl for Eid prayer.

The reason why it is mustahabb is the same reason as that for doing ghusl before Jumu’ah and other public gatherings. Rather on Eid the reason is even stronger.

2 – Eating before going out to pray on Eid al-Fitr

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