Category Archives: Research Papers

Types of Evil Speech

Types of Evil Speech

When people mention others they may commit one of these four:

  • Gheebah (Backbiting),
  • Buhtaan (Slandering),
  • Ifk (Rumours), or
  • Nameemah (Gossiping).
  1. Gheebah: Backbiting – is to say what is true about a person.

Allah says:

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اجْتَنِبُوا كَثِيرًا مِّنَ الظَّنِّ إِنَّ بَعْضَ الظَّنِّ إِثْمٌ ۖ وَلَا تَجَسَّسُوا وَلَا يَغْتَب بَّعْضُكُم بَعْضًا ۚ أَيُحِبُّ أَحَدُكُمْ أَن يَأْكُلَ لَحْمَ أَخِيهِ مَيْتًا فَكَرِهْتُمُوهُ ۚ وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ تَوَّابٌ رَّحِيمٌ

“O you who Believe! Avoid much suspicion; Indeed, some suspicions are sins. And spy not, neither backbite one another. Would one of you like to eat the flesh of his dead brother? You would hate it (so hate backbiting). And fear Allaah. Verily, Allaah is the One Who forgives and accepts repentance, Most Merciful.”[1]

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Prohibition of Listening to Backbiting

Prohibition of Listening to Backbiting

Allah, the Exalted, says:

وَإِذَا سَمِعُوا اللَّغْوَ أَعْرَضُوا عَنْهُ وَقَالُوا لَنَا أَعْمَالُنَا وَلَكُمْ أَعْمَالُكُمْ سَلَامٌ عَلَيْكُمْ لَا نَبْتَغِي الْجَاهِلِينَ

“And when they hear Al-Laghw (dirty, false, evil vain talk), they withdraw from it and say: “To us our deeds, and to you your deeds. Peace be to you. We seek not the ignorant.”[1]

And He says:

وَالَّذِينَ هُمْ عَنِ اللَّغْوِ مُعْرِضُونَ

“And those who turn away from Al-Laghw (dirty, false, evil vain talk, falsehood, and all that Allah has forbidden).”[2]

And He says:

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The Path of the Sahabah

The Path of the Sahabah, radhi Allahu ‘anhum.

It is fitting that the way of the best of people should be followed. Allah Ta’aalaa said, paraphrased: {You were the best of nations to arise for mankind; you enjoin goodness, and forbid evil, and you believe in Allah}, [Aal-‘Imran: 110].

Therefore by the Text of the Qur’an, their way lies in: Enjoining goodness, forbidding evil, and believing in Allah.

And the Prophet sallaa Allahu ‘alaihi wa ‘alaa Aalihi wa sallam said: (The best of my Ummah is my generation, then those who come after them, then those who come after them), Sahih Al-Bukhari, Hadith no. 3450.

In fact, we have been ordered to follow their Way.

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The Evidence that the Silence of the Texts on an Issue is its Ruling, i.e. that of Ibahah (Permissibility)

The evidence that the silence of the Texts on an issue is its ruling, i.e. that of Ibahah.

If the Qur’an and Sunnah are “silent” on an issue, meaning: There is no specific Text that mentions that specific issue’s ruling by name, nor a general Text whose general meaning may encompass it, some resort to Qiyas Al-Shabah to seek its ruling, while others conclude that this particular issue’s ruling is that of Ibahah: Allowance (i.e. Halal). The evidence for the latter position is as follows.

The Prophet sallaa Allahu ‘alaihi wa ‘alaa Aalihi wa sallam said, paraphrased: (Leave me with what I have left you with, for indeed those before you were destroyed due to their questioning and differing with their Prophets. Therefore, if I prohibit you from something, then avoid it; and if I order you to do something, do of it what you are able), Sahih Al-Bukhari, Hadith no. 6858.

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Summarised Description of Umrah

مختصر صفة العمرة

Summarised Description of Umrah Based on the Works of Shaykh Abdul Aziz At-Tarefe

First Step: Entering into the State of Ihram

Ihraam means having the intention of starting the rituals of Umrah.

Bathing before entering the state of Ihram is Sunnah.

The one intending to perform Umrah should say:

لبيك عمرة

“Labbayka ‘umratan”

(Here I am for ‘Umrah)

Pronouncing the Talbiyah is Sunnah according to the majority of the scholars.

لَبَّيْكَ اللَّهُمَّ لَبَّيْكَ لَبَّيْكَ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَكَ لَبَّيْكَ إِنَّ الْحَمْدَ وَالنِّعْمَةَ لَكَ وَالْمُلْكَ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَكَ

“Labbayka Allaahumma labbayk, labbayka laa shareeka laka labbayk. Inna al-hamd wa’l-ni’mata laka wa’l-mulk, laa shareeka lak”

“Here I am at Your service. O Allah, here I am at Your service, here I am at Your service. There is no associate with You; here I am at Your service. Verily all praise and grace is due to You, and the sovereignty (too). There is no associate with You.”[1]

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The Reasons and Wisdoms for Trials & Calamities

Reasons for Trials & Calamities

  1. Disasters and calamities are a test of the believer’s patience:

Allah says: “Or think you that you will enter Paradise without such (trials) as came to those who passed away before you? They were afflicted with severe poverty and ailments and were so shaken that even the Messenger and those who believed along with him said, ‘When (will come) the Help of Allah?’ Yes! Certainly, the Help of Allah is near!”[1]

Allah also says: “Do the people think that they will be left to say, “We believe” and they will not be tried? But We have certainly tried those before them, and Allah will surely make evident those who are truthful, and He will surely make evident the liars.”[2]

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Authentic Narrations Relating To Ways of Controlling Anger

(1) Seeking refuge with Allaah from the Shaytaan:

Saying:

أَعُوذُ بِاللهِ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيمِ

I seek refuge with Allah from the accursed devil (shaytaan).[1]

Sulayman ibn Sard said: “I was sitting with the Prophet ﷺ and two men were slandering one another. One of them was red in the face, and the veins on his neck were standing out. The Prophet ﷺ said, ‘I know a word which, if he were to say it, what he feels would go away. If he said “I seek refuge with Allaah from the Shaytaan,” what he feels (i.e., his anger) would go away.’”[2]

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