The Two Testimonies of Faith {Its Meaning, Virtues and Conditions} Part 1

The Two Testimonies of Faith {Its Meaning, Virtues and Conditions} Part 1

Ash-Shahadah

Linguistic meaning: Open affirmation

Technical meaning: To affirm with the heart, the tongue and to have firm faith that there is none worthy of worship in truth except Allah, and that Mohammed (ﷺ) is the slave and Messenger of Allah.

لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ

 The Meaning of ‘La ilaha illAllah’ – There is no deity worthy of worship, in truth, except Allah

We shall first begin by explaining the true meaning of the testimony ‘La ilaha illAllah’, which is to believe and affirm There is no deity worthy of worship, in truth, except Allah, holding on to it and acting in accordance with it. ‘La ilaha’ is negating that anybody has the right to be worshiped except Allah, whoever it might be. ‘illAllah’ is affirming the Right of Allah Alone to be worshiped.

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Summarised Description of Umrah

مختصر صفة العمرة

Summarised Description of Umrah Based on the Works of Shaykh Abdul Aziz At-Tarefe

First Step: Entering into the State of Ihram

Ihraam means having the intention of starting the rituals of Umrah.

Bathing before entering the state of Ihram is Sunnah.

The one intending to perform Umrah should say:

لبيك عمرة

“Labbayka ‘umratan”

(Here I am for ‘Umrah)

Pronouncing the Talbiyah is Sunnah according to the majority of the scholars.

لَبَّيْكَ اللَّهُمَّ لَبَّيْكَ لَبَّيْكَ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَكَ لَبَّيْكَ إِنَّ الْحَمْدَ وَالنِّعْمَةَ لَكَ وَالْمُلْكَ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَكَ

“Labbayka Allaahumma labbayk, labbayka laa shareeka laka labbayk. Inna al-hamd wa’l-ni’mata laka wa’l-mulk, laa shareeka lak”

“Here I am at Your service. O Allah, here I am at Your service, here I am at Your service. There is no associate with You; here I am at Your service. Verily all praise and grace is due to You, and the sovereignty (too). There is no associate with You.”[1]

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Some Mistakes Made on the Day of Eid

1 – The belief of some that it is prescribed to spend the night of Eid in worship.

Some people believe that it is prescribed to spend the night of Eid in worship. This is a kind of innovation (bid’ah) that is not proven from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). Rather it was narrated in a da’eef (weak) hadeeth which says, “Whoever stays up on the night of Eid, his heart will not die on the day when hearts die.” This hadeeth is not saheeh. It was narrated via two isnaads, one of which is mawdoo’ (fabricated) and the other is da’eef jiddan (very weak). See Silsilat al-Ahaadeeth al-Da’eefah wa’l-Mawdoo’ah by al-Albaani, 520, 521.

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The Prayer of The Two Eids: Durur-ul Bahiyah fi Masaa’il Fiqhiyyah by Imam Shawkani

Durur-ul Bahiyah fi Masaa’il Fiqhiyyah by Imam Shawkani

Chapter: The Prayer of Two Eid

 It is two rak’ah: In the first rak’ah (there should be) seven takbeerat before the recitation (of Surah Fatihah): In the second rak’ah, (there should be) five takbeerat before the recitation as well.[1]

Speech is delivered after prayer.[2]

It is recommended in the Eid prayer to:

  • Adorn oneself and be welldressed[3]
  • Offer prayer outside one’s city, town, or village (i.e. at or beyond the outskirts of one’sarea).[4]
  • To take another path (whenreturning).[5]
  • To eat before leaving home to prayer in Eid Al-Fitr but not in EidAl-Adha.[6]
  • Its time starts after the sun rises to an altitude of a spear until the[7]
  • There is no Adhan (call to prayer) Iqaamah (call to stand for prayer) in[8]

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Sunan of Eid

Sunan of Eid:
1 – Doing ghusl before going out to the prayer.

It was narrated in a saheeh hadeeth in al-Muwatta’ and elsewhere that ‘Abd-Allaah ibn ‘Umar used to do ghusl on the day of al-Fitr before going out to the prayer-place in the morning.
{Al-Muwatta’}

Al- Nawawi (may Allaah have mercy on him) said that the Muslims were unanimously agreed that it is mustahab to do ghusl for Eid prayer.

The reason why it is mustahabb is the same reason as that for doing ghusl before Jumu’ah and other public gatherings. Rather on Eid the reason is even stronger.

2 – Eating before going out to pray on Eid al-Fitr

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An Introduction To The Science Of Hadith by Dr Suhaib Hasan {Part 2}

Introduction

The Muslims are agreed that the Sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) is the second of the two revealed fundamental sources of Islam, after the Glorious Qur’an. The authentic Sunnah is contained within the vast body of Hadith literature.(1)

A hadith (pl. ahadith) is composed of two parts: the matn (text) and the isnad (chain of reporters). A text may seem to be logical and reasonable but it needs an authentic isnad with reliable reporters to be acceptable; `Abdullah b. al-Mubarak (d. 181 AH), one of the illustrious teachers of Imam al-Bukhari, said, “The isnad is part of the religion: had it not been for the isnad, whoever wished to would have said whatever he liked.” (2)

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An Introduction To The Science Of Hadith by Dr Suhaib Hasan {Part 1}

Foreword

All Praise be to Allah, Lord of the Worlds. Peace and blessings of Allah be upon our Prophet Muhammad, and on his family and companions.

We have undoubtedly sent down the Reminder, and We will truly preserve it. (al-Qur’an, Surah al-Hijr, 15:9)

The above promise made by Allah is obviously fulfilled in the undisputed purity of the Qur’anic text throughout the fourteen centuries since its revelation. However, what is often forgotten by many Muslims is that the above divine promise also includes, by necessity, the Sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad (may Allah bless him and grant him peace), for it is the practical example of the implementation of the Qur’anic guidance, the Wisdom taught to the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) along with the Scripture, and neither the Qur’an nor the Sunnah can be understood correctly without recourse to the other.

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