1 – The belief of some that it is prescribed to spend the night of Eid in worship.
Some people believe that it is prescribed to spend the night of Eid in worship. This is a kind of innovation (bid’ah) that is not proven from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). Rather it was narrated in a da’eef (weak) hadeeth which says, “Whoever stays up on the night of Eid, his heart will not die on the day when hearts die.” This hadeeth is not saheeh. It was narrated via two isnaads, one of which is mawdoo’ (fabricated) and the other is da’eef jiddan (very weak). See Silsilat al-Ahaadeeth al-Da’eefah wa’l-Mawdoo’ah by al-Albaani, 520, 521.
Durur-ul Bahiyah fi Masaa’il Fiqhiyyah by Imam Shawkani
Chapter: The Prayer of Two Eid
It is two rak’ah: In the first rak’ah (there should be) seven takbeerat before the recitation (of Surah Fatihah): In the second rak’ah, (there should be) five takbeerat before the recitation as well.
Speech is delivered after prayer.
It is recommended in the Eid prayer to:
- Adorn oneself and be welldressed
- Offer prayer outside one’s city, town, or village (i.e. at or beyond the outskirts of one’sarea).
- To take another path (whenreturning).
- To eat before leaving home to prayer in Eid Al-Fitr but not in EidAl-Adha.
- Its time starts after the sun rises to an altitude of a spear until the
- There is no Adhan (call to prayer) Iqaamah (call to stand for prayer) in
Sunan of Eid:
1 – Doing ghusl before going out to the prayer.
It was narrated in a saheeh hadeeth in al-Muwatta’ and elsewhere that ‘Abd-Allaah ibn ‘Umar used to do ghusl on the day of al-Fitr before going out to the prayer-place in the morning.
Al- Nawawi (may Allaah have mercy on him) said that the Muslims were unanimously agreed that it is mustahab to do ghusl for Eid prayer.
The reason why it is mustahabb is the same reason as that for doing ghusl before Jumu’ah and other public gatherings. Rather on Eid the reason is even stronger.
2 – Eating before going out to pray on Eid al-Fitr
The Muslims are agreed that the Sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) is the second of the two revealed fundamental sources of Islam, after the Glorious Qur’an. The authentic Sunnah is contained within the vast body of Hadith literature.(1)
A hadith (pl. ahadith) is composed of two parts: the matn (text) and the isnad (chain of reporters). A text may seem to be logical and reasonable but it needs an authentic isnad with reliable reporters to be acceptable; `Abdullah b. al-Mubarak (d. 181 AH), one of the illustrious teachers of Imam al-Bukhari, said, “The isnad is part of the religion: had it not been for the isnad, whoever wished to would have said whatever he liked.” (2)
All Praise be to Allah, Lord of the Worlds. Peace and blessings of Allah be upon our Prophet Muhammad, and on his family and companions.
We have undoubtedly sent down the Reminder, and We will truly preserve it. (al-Qur’an, Surah al-Hijr, 15:9)
The above promise made by Allah is obviously fulfilled in the undisputed purity of the Qur’anic text throughout the fourteen centuries since its revelation. However, what is often forgotten by many Muslims is that the above divine promise also includes, by necessity, the Sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad (may Allah bless him and grant him peace), for it is the practical example of the implementation of the Qur’anic guidance, the Wisdom taught to the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) along with the Scripture, and neither the Qur’an nor the Sunnah can be understood correctly without recourse to the other.
Taken from the Book: Fiqh According to the Quran and Sunnah by Shaykh Muhammed Subhi bin Hasan Hallaq
Book of Menstruation, Postpartum Bleeding and Vaginal Bleeding
Definition of the menstruation (Haidh):
The literal meaning of the Arabic word Haidh is flowing and what is meant by it here is the blood which comes out from the private parts of the woman when she is in good health and it is not due to childbirth or the deflowering of a virgin.
The Colour of Menstrual Blood
1-Black: This is based on the Hadith of Fatimah bint Abi Hubaish who reported that she had vaginal bleeding and the Prophet (ﷺ) said to her: “When the blood of menses comes it is black blood which can be recognized; so when that comes, refrain from prayer; but when a different type of blood comes, perform ablution and pray, for it is (due only to) a vein.”
2-Red: This is because it is the original color of blood.
(Part 2 – Chapter 1: Types of Water)
Based upon the Hadith of Abu Sa’eed Al-Khudri who said: “It was said: ‘O Messenger of Allah! May we perform ablution with the water of Budha’ah well, which is a well where menstrual rags, dead dogs and rotting things are thrown?’ The Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu alayhi was sallam) replied: “Water is pure and is not defiled by anything”
Yaqoot Al-Hamawi said: “Budha’ah is the most common pronunciation, although it was called Bidha’ah by some; but the former is more common, and it was the abode of Banu Sa’idah in Al-Madinah, whose well is well known.”
Ibn Al-Atheer said: “It is a well known well in Al-Madinah.” Abu Dawud said in his Sunan (1/129-130 – Awn Al-Ma’bood): “I heard Qutaibah Ibn Sa’eed saying: ‘I asked: “How deep was the water in Al-Budha’ah Well?” He said: “At its deepest, it was up to Al-Aanah.” I said: “And when it decreased?” He said: “(It was) below Al-Awrah.”